Gender, Work and Property: An Ethnographic Study of Value in a Spanish Village (Arbeit und Alltag, 4, Band 4)
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Gender, Work and Property: An Ethnographic Study of Value in a Spanish Village (Arbeit und Alltag, 4, Band 4)

An Ethnographic Study of Value in a Spanish Village
 Taschenbuch
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ISBN-13:
9783593396613
Einband:
Taschenbuch
Erscheinungsdatum:
01.01.1970
Seiten:
294
Autor:
Nancy Konvalinka
Gewicht:
386 g
SKU:
INF1100427147
Sprache:
Englisch
Beschreibung:

Nancy Konvalinka, Ph. D., lehrt Social and Cultural Anthropology an der Universität Madrid, Spanien.
Warum verlassen junge Frauen ihre Heimatdörfer, warum bleiben junge Männer dort - häufig unverheiratet? In ihrer Studie untersucht Nancy Konvalinka diese Entwicklung am Beispiel eines spanischen Dorfes. Deutlich wird, dass sich das Haus als Ort der gemeinsamen (Re-)Produktion verändert hat und dass Bildungsmöglichkeiten die Lebensläufe der Frauen entscheidend beeinflussen. Die Studie lässt Rückschlüsse auf ähnliche Prozesse in anderen ländlichen Gegenden Europas zu.

Why do young men born in many small villages in Spain tend, at the end of the twentieth century, to stay there to live, often remaining unmarried, while young women from the same villages tend to leave? In Gender, Work and Property, Nancy Konvalinka explores this phenomenon using the case of one small village in northwestern Spain, and she extrapolates her findings there to understand similar processes elsewhere in Europe.

Warum verlassen junge Frauen ihre Heimatdörfer, warum bleiben junge Männer dort - häufig unverheiratet? In ihrer Studie untersucht Nancy Konvalinka diese Entwicklung am Beispiel eines spanischen Dorfes. Deutlich wird, dass sich das Haus als Ort der gemeinsamen (Re-)Produktion verändert hat und dass Bildungsmöglichkeiten die Lebensläufe der Frauen entscheidend beeinflussen. Die Studie lässt Rückschlüsse auf ähnliche Prozesse in anderen ländlichen Gegenden Europas zu.

Why do young men born in many small villages in Spain tend, at the end of the twentieth century, to stay there to live, often remaining unmarried, while young women from the same villages tend to leave? In Gender, Work and Property, Nancy Konvalinka explores this phenomenon using the case of one small village in northwestern Spain, and she extrapolates her findings there to understand similar processes elsewhere in Europe.
Contents

Introduction
Fieldwork and methodology

1. Practical, Usable Value Theory
Value theory in anthropology
Specific problems of value and gender, localized in a Leonese village

2. The Casa as a Unit of Production, Reproduction, and Consumption: The First Half of the 20th Century
Covering an extended time period to study processes
Demography and social structure at the beginning of the 20th century
The agent of decision: person, family or casa?
The casa as a unit of production, reproduction, and consumption
What is the casa?
Who are the members of the casa?
Rural capital
Value and gender during the first half of the 20th century
The distribution of work among men and women
Interiorness and exteriorness
Inheritance and differential uses of rural capital: men's permanence and women's mobility
Reproducing the casa
Married couples and children: the agents involved in reproducing the casa
Life courses and vital conjunctures
Orientation of the casa toward the future

3. Local Dimensions of a General Transformation: 1960-1979
Changing circumstances: industrialization, emigration, and mechanization
Life courses and vital conjunctures
The appearance of the categories of optionality, tastes, and preferences
Emigration and the accumulation of capital: You only need
land to marry if you are going to stay in the village
Mechanization
The introduction of milk production
Values and gender repositioned: rural capital and interior and exterior spaces
Rural capital and men's and women's uses of it
Interior and exterior spaces: the tasks change, but not the
positions
The casa reproduces itself, but only in some of its children
Emigration makes it possible to concentrate rural capital, a limited resource
Mechanization as a catalyst of the process
The casas reproduce themselves, but only in some of their
children

4. Casas and Sociedades: Splitting Meanings at the End of the 20th Century
Changing circumstances: economic crisis and the reshaping of the family farm
The economic crisis and the reassessment of the casa as a job position for young men
Mechanization in the fields and in the stables
Reconfiguration of the family farm: the sociedades
Option, taste, and preference: decisive factors in the formation of sociedades
When the children do not reproduce the casa
Demographic profile, 1980-2000
The configuration of the households, 1980-2000
Values and gender repositioned: inheritance, schooling and life
courses
Sociedades and their consequences
"The differences are less noticeable"
Changes in schooling and their interactions with gender configurations and vital conjunctures
Separating men's and women's life courses
The casa as a unit of production, consumption, and
reproduction no longer exists

5. Conclusions
Some considerations about rural society
Rural society is not static, nor has it been in the recent past
People make their decision in the framework of their
immediate, relevant social environment, such as the family
or the casa
The processes of change develop along the axes of the structure that has existed up to that moment: Gender is a main axis that structures rural life
Ambivalence toward rural life
The unexpected results of the changes
Considerations for a theory of value in relation to gender
Social subjects in their fields of value: processes of change
People
The casas
The village
Suggestions for a theory of value in relation to gender

List of Diagrams, Figures, Graphs, and Tables

Works Cited

Index