comprehensively up to date. We are most grateful to these authors and to those we recruited to write the additional chapters necessary to fill the significant gaps. We acknowledge also the sacrifice of some who presented results of original research and have thus suffered a longer time than usual to publication. The timing of publication however has provided the opportunity to highlight recent discussions and resolutions made within the Antarctic Treaty forum to protect wildlife against disease and to include responses by Government and non-Government operators in Antarctica. These developments mostly followed from the Workshop on Diseases of Antarctic Wildlife. The book comprises 17 chapters presented in two parts. Wildlife disease consists of reviews, case studies and health assessments, and External factors covers the environmental, administrative and legal aspects. Each chapter is complete and c- tains all references. Six important documents are provided as Appendices. These present methods, reviews and other documents which are referred to in one or more chapters but are not readily available. There are many related topics we have been unable to cover that would enhance the understanding of health and disease processes in Antarctica. While we ackno- edge their importance they are outside the scope of the present volume. Such topics include epidemiology, new and emerging infectious diseases and the effects of climate change. These topics are referred to in the various chapters where ref- ences to source material are given.
This broad assessment of the health of Antarctica's wildlife is informed by the available scientific and environmental information as well as the political and administrative processes in place. It includes case studies and examines the impact of humans.
Covers all the essential issues necessary for the understanding of health and disease relating to Antarctic wildlife to provide for wise council in the management of human activities in Antarctica
Health of Antarctic wildlife: an introductionKerry KR, Riddle MJPart 1. Wildlife disease - reviews, case studies and health assessments1. Risk of marine mammal die-offs in the Southern OceanGeraci JR, Lounsbury VJ2. Diseases of Antarctic seabirds.Woods R, Jones HI, Miller GD, Shellam GR3. Diseases and parasites of Antarctic and sub-Antarctic seals.McFarlane RA, Norman RJ de B, Jones HI4. Infectious bursal disease virus and Antarctic birds.Watts J.M, Miller GD, Shellam GR5. An unusual mortality event among Adélie penguins in the vicinity of Mawson Station Antarctica.Kerry KR, Irvine L, Beggs A, Watts J6. Investigation of the 1998 mass mortality event in New Zealand Sea Lions.Roe W7. Health assessment of Weddell seals Leptonochotes weddelli in McMurdo Sound, Antarctica.Yochem PK, Stewart BS, Gelatt TS, Siniff DB8. Health assessment and diseases of the Weddell seal, Leptonochotes weddelli, Vestfold Hills, East Antarctica.McFarlane RA9. Health assessment of the leopard seal, Hydruga leptonynx, in Prydz Bay, Eastern Antarctica and New South Wales, Australia.Gray RB, Rogers TL, Canfield PJPart 2. External factors - environmental, administrative and legal10. Antarctic climate, weather and the health of Antarctic wildlife.Pook M11. National Antarctic Programs and their impact on the environment.Jabour J12. Antarctic tourism: an operator's perspective.Mortimer G, Prior E13. Human mediated impacts on the health of Antarctic wildlife.Riddle MJ14. Measuring stress in Antarctic seals.Hogg CJ, Rogers TL15. Sewage disposal and wildlife health in Antarctica.Smith JJ, Riddle MJ16. Theinternational and legal framework for protecting the health of Antarctica wildlife.Rothwell D17. The Antarctic Treaty System and wildlife health: awareness, prevention and response.Riddle MJAppendicesAppendix 1. Protocols for collection of samples for pathological analysis in the event of disease being suspected among monitored species of birds (standard methods, Commission for the Conservation of Antarctic Marine Living Resources)Appendix 2. Protocols for collecting samples for toxicological analyses (standard methods, Commission for the Conservation of Antarctic Marine Living Resources)Appendix 3. Recommendations arising from the Workshop on Diseases of Antarctic Wildlife, held in Hobart, Australia, on 25-28 August 1998.Appendix 4. Report on the Open-ended Intersessional Contact Group on Diseases of Antarctic Wildlife Report 1 - Review and risk assessment (a report to the Committee for Environmental Protection, Antarctic Treaty)Appendix 5. Report on the Open-ended Intersessional Contact Group on Diseases of Antarctic Wildlife Report 2 - Practical measures to diminish risk (draft) (a report to the Committee for Environmental Protection, Antarctic Treaty)Appendix 6. Unusual animal mortality response plan (produced by Australian Antarctic Division)