Imported Infectious Diseases
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Imported Infectious Diseases

The Impact in Developed Countries
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Fernando Cobo
598 g
243x167x24 mm
66, Woodhead Publishing Series in Biomedicine

The increase of immigrant population in developed countries (mainly in Europe and North America) together with an important increase of international travel worldwide are the two most important causes that have contributed to the introduction and diagnosis of imported/tropical infectious diseases in these countries. These factors have had an important impact in developed countries in both social and economic aspects. Imported Infectious Diseases focuses not only on describing the infections, but also in evaluating the current epidemiology, the economic and social impact and the possibility to apply immunization measures and vaccines. The main purpose of this book is to give an overview of the current most important and frequent imported infectious diseases in developed countries. The first chapter informs about the medical services that are being offered to the immigrants in the main developed countries depending on the legal situation. Following chapters describe the main surveillance systems for these kinds of diseases, mainly in Europe and North America. Finally, remaining chapters contain sections on epidemiology, pathogenesis, clinical features, diagnosis, treatment and prevention.
List of figuresList of tables
About the author
1: Introduction

1.1 The real problem of the immigration phenomenon
1.2 Immigration health costs in developed countries
1.3 Health assistance in immigrants: comparison of several countries
1.4 Impact of immigration on infectious diseases in developed countries
2: Epidemiology of infectious diseases in immigrants

2.1 Importance of immigration in the epidemiology of infectious diseases
2.2 Immigration patterns and infectious diseases
2.3 Current epidemiological data of the main imported infectious diseases in immigrants
2.4 Implications for public health research and intervention policies
3: Surveillance systems for tropical infectious diseases in developed countries

3.1 Definition of surveillance
3.2 Local and regional surveillance systems
3.3 National Public Health Institutes
3.4 International public health surveillance systems
3.5 Information for disease prevention and control
4: Febrile syndrome in immigrants and travellers

4.1 Introduction
4.2 Assessment of febrile syndrome in immigrants and returned travellers
4.3 Standardised diagnosis protocols
5: Diarrhoea syndrome

5.1 Approach to acute diarrhoea in developing countries
5.2 Traveller's diarrhoea
6: Current status of malaria

6.1 Disease and pathophysiology
6.2 Epidemiology of imported malaria
6.3 Biology and ecology of malaria
6.4 Clinical features of malaria
6.5 Diagnostic procedures
6.6 Prevention and prophylaxis: development of a malaria vaccine
6.7 Treatment of malaria
7: Filariasis

7.1 Definition
7.2 Life cycle
7.3 Lymphatic filariasis
7.4 Onchocerciasis (river blindness)
7.5 Loiasis
7.6 Mansonellosis
8: Schistosomiasis (bilharziasis)

8.1 The parasite and the disease
8.2 Epidemiology
8.3 Pathogenesis
8.4 Clinical features
8.5 Diagnosis
8.6 Treatment
9: Strongyloidiasis

9.1 Definition
9.2 Epidemiology
9.3 Clinical features
9.4 Risk factors for hyperinfection and severe disease
9.5 Diagnosis
9.6 Treatment and monitoring
9.7 Prevention
10: Trypanosomiasis

10.1 General description
10.2 African trypanosomiasis
10.3 American trypanosomiasis
11: Taeniasis and neurocysticercosis

11.1 Taeniasis
11.2 Neurocysticercosis
12: HIV infection

12.1 Initial outbreak
12.2 Current epidemiological status and mode of transmission
12.3 Viral structure and pathogenesis
12.4 Clinical manifestations
12.5 Diagnosis
12.6 Drug treatment
12.7 Prevention of HIV transmission
13: Syphilis

13.1 Aetiology
13.2 Epidemiology
13.3 Natural history and clinical manifestations
13.4 Laboratory diagnosis
13.5 Treatment of syphilis
13.6 Follow-up examinations
14: Tuberculosis: the problem of multiresistance

14.1 Definition and microbiology
14.2 Current epidemiology
14.3 Pathogenesis
14.4 Clinical manifestations
14.5 Diagnosis
14.6 Prevention and control
14.7 Treatment
15: Viral hepatitis

15.1 Introduction: the global problem of infectious hepatitis
15.2 Hepatitis A virus (HAV)
15.3 Hepatitis B virus (HBV)
15.4 Hepatitis C virus (HCV)
16: Leishmaniasis

16.1 Definition
16.2 Visceral leishmaniasis
16.3 Cutaneous leishmaniasis
17: Viral haemorrhagic fevers

17.1 Definition and overall epidemiology
17.2 Yellow fever
17.3 Lassa fever
17.4 Marburg haemorrhagic fever
17.5 Ebola haemorrhagic fever
17.6 Crimean-Congo haemorrhagic fever
17.7 Dengue
17.8 Rift Valley fever
17.9 Laboratory diagnosis
17.10 Prevention measures and control
17.11 Antiviral treatment
18: Arthropod-borne viruses affecting the central nervous system

18.1 Definition and epidemiology
18.2 General diagnosis
18.3 Clinically relevant arthropod-borne viruses
19: Prophylaxis, immunisation and vaccination

19.1 General considerati

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