Intelligent Macromolecules for Smart Devices

Intelligent Macromolecules for Smart Devices
-0 %
From Materials Synthesis to Device Applications
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Liming Dai
833 g
245x165x29 mm

The age of nanotechnology is upon us. Engineering at the molecular level is no longer a computer-generated curiosity and is beginning to affect the lives of everyone. Molecules which can respond to their environment and the smart machines we can build with them are and will continue to be a vital part of this 21st-century revolution. Liming Dai presents the latest work on many newly-discovered intelligent macromolecular systems and reviews their uses in nano-devices.

Intelligent Macromolecules for Smart Devices features:

- An accessible assessment of the properties and materials chemistry of all the major classes of intelligent macromolecules from optoelectronic biomacromolecules to dendrimers, artificial opals and carbon nanotubes

- In-depth analysis of various smart devices including a critique of the suitability of different molecules for building each type of device

- A concise compilation of the practical applications of intelligent macromolecules including sensors and actuators, polymer batteries, carbon-nanotube supercapacitors, novel lasing species and photovoltaic cells

As an exposition of cutting-edge research against a backdrop of comprehensive review, Intelligent Macromolecules for Smart Devices will be an essential addition to the bookshelf of academic and industrial researchers in nanotechnology. Graduate and senior undergraduate students looking to make their mark in this field of the future will also find it most instructive.

Demand for this book will be generated by the large number of companies and academic institutions interested in research in nanomaterials and devices. Both academics and industrial engineers needing to know the background and latest research in the area of smart materials will want to read this book.
1 The Concepts of Intelligent Macromolecules and Smart Devices1.1 Introduction1.2 The Concept of Intelligent Macromolecules1.2.1 Synthetic Macromolecules1.2.1.1 Chain Structure and Classification1.2.1.2 Synthesis1.2.1.3 Chain Conformation1.2.1.4 Macromolecular Structure in Solution1.2.1.5 Primary, Secondary, Tertiary and Quaternary Structure1.2.2 Biological Macromolecules1.2.2.1 Structure of DNA1.2.2.2 Structure of Proteins1.2.2.3 Structure of Polysaccharides1.2.3 Carbon Nanomaterials1.2.4 Intelligent Macromolecules1.3 The Concept of Smart Devices1.3.1 Self-assembling and Micro-/Nano-fabrication1.3.2 Functional Structures and Smart Devices1.4 References Part I. Intelligent Macromolecules2 Conducting Polymers2.1 Introduction2.2 Conjugated Conducting Polymers2.2.1 Structure and Properties2.2.1.1 - * Conjugation2.2.1.2 Doping2.2.2 Synthesis2.2.2.1 Syntheses of Soluble Conjugated Polymers2.2.2.2 Syntheses of Conjugated Polymer Films2.3 Charge Transfer Polymers2.3.1 Organic Charge Transfer Complexes2.3.2 Polymeric Charge Transfer Complexes2.3.3 Charge Transfer Between Fullerene C60 and Polymers2.4 Ionically Conducting Polymers2.4.1 Structural Features of Polymer Electrolytes2.4.2 Transport Properties and Chain Dynamics2.5 Conductively Filled Polymers2.5.1 Polymers Filled with Conductive Solids2.5.2 Polymers Filled with Conjugated Conducting Polymers2.6 References3 Stimuli-responsive Polymers3.1 Introduction3.2 Solvent-responsive Polymers3.3 Temperature-responsive Polymers3.3.1 Temperature-responsive Polymers in Solution3.3.2 Temperature-responsive Polymers on Surface3.4 pH-responsive Polymers3.5 Ionically Responsive Polymers3.6 Electrically Responsive Polymers3.7 Photoelectrochromism3.8 PhotoresponsivePolymers3.9 Biochromism3.10 Photomodulation of Enzyme Activity3.11 References4 Dendrimers and Fullerenes4.1 Introduction4.2 Dendrimers4.2.1 Synthesis4.2.1.1 Divergent Approach4.2.1.2 Convergent-growth Approach4.2.1.3 Other Miscellaneous Approaches4.2.2 Structure4.2.2.1 Dendrimers with a Metal Core4.2.2.2 Dendrimers with a Hollow Core4.2.2.3 Dendrimers with a Hydrophobic Interior and Hydrophilic Exterior Layer4.2.2.4 Dendrimers with Guest Molecules Trapped in their Cavities4.2.2.5 Dendrimers with Different Terminal Groups4.3 Fullerene C604.3.1 Chemistry of C604.3.1.1 Addition Reactions4.3.1.2 Dimerization and Polymerization4.3.2 Polymeric Derivatives of C604.3.2.1 Fullerene Charm Bracelets4.3.2.2 Fullerene Pearl Necklaces4.3.2.3 Flagellenes4.4 References5 Carbon Nanotubes5.1 Introduction5.2 Structure5.3 Property5.4 Synthesis5.4.1 Multi-wall Carbon Nanotubes (MWNTs)5.4.2 Single-wall Carbon Nanotubes (SWNTs)5.5 Purification5.6 Microfabrication5.6.1 Opening, Filling and Closing5.6.2 Filling5.6.3 Tip-closing5.7 Chemical Modification5.7.1 End-functionalization5.7.1.1 Oxidation of Carbon Nanotubes5.7.1.2 Covalent-Coupling via the Oxidized Nanotube Ends5.7.2 Modification of Nanotube Outerwall5.7.2.1 Sidewall Fluorination of Carbon Nanotubes5.7.2.2 The Attachment of Dichlorocarbene to the Sidewall5.7.2.3 Modification via 1,3-Dipolar Cycloaddition of Azomethine Ylides5.7.2.4 The Reaction Between Aniline and Carbon Nanotubes5.7.3 Functionalization of Carbon Nanotube Innerwall5.7.4 Other Physical Chemistries of Carbon Nanotubes5.7.4.1 Modification of Carbon Nanotubes via Mechanochemical Reactions5.7.4.2 Modification of Carbon Nanotubes via Electrochemical Reactions5.7.4.3 Modification of Carbon Nanotubes via Photochemical Reactions5.8 Non-covalen

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