Cultures of Technology and the Quest for Innovation

Cultures of Technology and the Quest for Innovation
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Artikel-Nr:
9781782389644
Veröffentl:
2006
Einband:
Web PDF
Seiten:
232
Autor:
Helga Nowotny
Serie:
9, Making Sense of History
eBook Typ:
PDF
eBook Format:
Web PDF
Kopierschutz:
Adobe DRM [Hard-DRM]
Sprache:
Englisch
Beschreibung:

Underlying the current dynamics of technological developments, their divergence or convergence and the abundance of options, promises and risks they contain, is the quest for innovation, the contributors to this volume argue. The seemingly insatiable demand for novelty coincides with the rise of modern science and the onset of modernity in Western societies. Never before has the Baconian dream been so close to becoming reality: wrapped into a globalizing capitalism that seeks ever expanding markets for new products, artifacts and designs and new processes that lead to gains in efficiency, productivity and profit. However, approaching these developments through a wider historical and cultural perspectives, means to raise questions about the plurality of cultures, the interaction between "e;hardware"e; and "e;software"e; and about the nature of the interfaces where technology meets with economic, social, legal, historical constraints and opportunities. The authors come to the conclusion that inside a seemingly homogenous package and a seemingly universal quest for innovation many differences remain.

Underlying the current dynamics of technological developments, their divergence or convergence and the abundance of options, promises and risks they contain, is the quest for innovation, the contributors to this volume argue. The seemingly insatiable demand for novelty coincides with the rise of modern science and the onset of modernity in Western societies. Never before has the Baconian dream been so close to becoming reality: wrapped into a globalizing capitalism that seeks ever expanding markets for new products, artifacts and designs and new processes that lead to gains in efficiency, productivity and profit. However, approaching these developments through a wider historical and cultural perspectives, means to raise questions about the plurality of cultures, the interaction between "hardware" and "software" and about the nature of the interfaces where technology meets with economic, social, legal, historical constraints and opportunities. The authors come to the conclusion that inside a seemingly homogenous package and a seemingly universal quest for innovation many differences remain.

List of Illustrations
Acknowledgments

Introduction: The Quest for Innovation and Cultures of Technology
Helga Nowotny


PART I: ON THE RELATIONSHIP BETWEEN CULTURE, TECHNOLOGY, AND INNOVATION


Chapter 1. Culture and Innovation
Thomas P. Hughes


Chapter 2. The Unintended Consequences of Innovation: Change and Community at MIT
Rosalind Williams


Chapter 3. The Vulnerability of Technological Culture
Wiebe E. Bijker


PART II: THE GENDER BIAS OF TECHNOLOGICAL INNOVATIONS


Chapter 4. Culture of Gender, and Culture of Technology: The Gendering of Things in France’s Office Spaces between 1890 and 1930
Delphine Gardey


Chapter 5. Suspending Gender? Reflecting on Innovations in Cyberspace
Judy Wajcman


PART III: PLURALIST HISTORIES OF SCIENCE, INNOVATION, AND WAR


Chapter 6. Innovation, Diverse Knowledges, and the Presumed Singularity of Science
John V. Pickstone


Chapter 7. Scientists on the Battlefield: Cultures and Conflicts
Jean-Jacques Salomon


PART IV: THE ADOPTION OF INNOVATIONS IN DIFFERENT CULTURAL CONTEXTS


Chapter 8. From Prophecies of the Future to Incarnations of the Past: Cultures of Nuclear Technology
Patrick Kupper


Chapter 9. The Mining Industry in Traditional China: Intraand Intercultural Comparisons
Hans Ulrich Vogel


Epilogue: Interdisciplinarity and the Innovation Process How to Organize Spaces of Translation, or, the Politics of Innovation
Joachim Nettelbeck


Contributors
Select Bibliography
Index

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