The Living Ancestors

The Living Ancestors
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Shamanism, Cosmos and Cultural Change among the Yanomami of the Upper Orinoco
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Artikel-Nr:
9781782388180
Veröffentl:
2015
Einband:
EPUB
Seiten:
296
Autor:
Zeljko Jokic
eBook Typ:
Adobe Digital Editions
eBook Format:
EPUB
Kopierschutz:
Adobe DRM [Hard-DRM]
Sprache:
Englisch
Beschreibung:

This phenomenologically oriented ethnography focuses on experiential aspects of Yanomami shamanism, including shamanistic activities in the context of cultural change. The author interweaves ethnographic material with theoretical components of a holographic principle, or the idea that the "e;part is equal to the whole,"e; which is embedded in the nature of the Yanomami macrocosm, human dwelling, multiple-soul components, and shamans' relationships with embodied spirit-helpers. This book fills an important gap in the regional study of Yanomami people, and, on a broader scale, enriches understanding of this ancient phenomenon by focusing on the consciousness involved in shamanism through firsthand experiential involvement.

This phenomenologically oriented ethnography focuses on experiential aspects of Yanomami shamanism, including shamanistic activities in the context of cultural change. The author interweaves ethnographic material with theoretical components of a holographic principle, or the idea that the “part is equal to the whole,” which is embedded in the nature of the Yanomami macrocosm, human dwelling, multiple-soul components, and shamans’ relationships with embodied spirit-helpers. This book fills an important gap in the regional study of Yanomami people, and, on a broader scale, enriches understanding of this ancient phenomenon by focusing on the consciousness involved in shamanism through firsthand experiential involvement.

List of Illustrations
Preface and Acknowledgements

Introduction



  • Shamanism: Origins and Key Features

  • Yanomami Shamanism: A Cross-Cultural Perspective

  • The Book’s Subject Matter and its Guiding Principles

  • Fieldwork Setting and Methodology

  • The Book’s Outline


Chapter 1. Life on Top of the Old Sky: Yanomami Habitat, Ethnographic Setting and Local Histories



  • Yanomami Habitat

  • Historical Migratory Movements and Encounters

  • The Sweeping Winds of Change and its Consequences

  • Platanal and Sheroana-theri at the Turn of the Twenty-First Century


Chapter 2. Inside the Boa’s Abdomen: The Yanomami Cosmos



  • Holographic Totality of the Yanomami Cosmos

  • No Patapi tëhë: The Ever-present Mythical Time of Creation

  • Origin Myths


Chapter 3. Hekura, Body and Illness



  • Shamans and Hekura

  • Epena: Transformative Substance and Aliment for Hekura

  • Shamanism in Myths and in Contemporary Context

  • Yanomami Conception of a Person and Causes of Illness


Chapter 4. Hekuraprai: Corporeal Cosmogenesis



  • Summary of the Initiatory Ordeal

  • Transformation into Hekura: Day-by-Day Process

  • Cosmic Body and its Dynamism

  • First Trance: Re-experience of Death and the Beginning of Hekuramou


Chapter 5. Oneiric Encounters



  • Hekuramou and Expansion of Shamanistic Powers

  • Dreams and Shamanism

  • Dream Lucidity and the Transitional States of Dream Consciousness

  • Dreams, Illness and Healing


Chapter 6. Shamanic Battlefield: The Pendulum of Life and Death



  • Shapori’s New Identity and Social Obligation on the Intracommunal Level

  • The Dialectics between Defensive and Offensive Hekuramou

  • Body Intrusion and the Dynamics of the Cosmic Flow

  • Shaporimou and Intersubjective Knowledge Diffusion


Chapter 7. Two Pathways to Curing and in Between: Biomedical and Shamanic Treatment in the Life of Yanomami



  • Shamanism and Biomedicine: Compatibility and Differences

  • Dynamics of Doctor-Shapori-Patient Interaction

  • Yanomami Responses to Diarrhoea, Malaria and Respiratory Infections


Chapter 8. Return of the Ancestors: The All-pervading Shawara, The End of the World and the Beginning of a New Epoch



  • The Origin of Shawara Epidemics

  • Further Expansion of the Shawara Concept

  • The End of the World and the Beginning of Another Cosmic Cycle


Postscript: Recent Developments


Glossary of Yanomami Terms
Bibliography
Index

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