Assisted Reproductive Technologies in the Third Phase

Assisted Reproductive Technologies in the Third Phase
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Global Encounters and Emerging Moral Worlds
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Artikel-Nr:
9781782388081
Veröffentl:
2015
Einband:
Web PDF
Seiten:
284
Autor:
Kate Hampshire
Serie:
31, Fertility, Reproduction and Sexuality: Social and Cultural Perspectives
eBook Typ:
PDF
eBook Format:
Web PDF
Kopierschutz:
Adobe DRM [Hard-DRM]
Sprache:
Englisch
Beschreibung:

Following the birth of the first "e;test-tube baby"e; in 1978, Assisted Reproductive Technologies became available to a small number of people in high-income countries able to afford the cost of private treatment, a period seen as the "e;First Phase"e; of ARTs. In the "e;Second Phase,"e; these treatments became increasingly available to cosmopolitan global elites. Today, this picture is changing - albeit slowly and unevenly - as ARTs are becoming more widely available. While, for many, accessing infertility treatments remains a dream, these are beginning to be viewed as a standard part of reproductive healthcare and family planning. This volume highlights this "e;Third Phase"e; - the opening up of ARTs to new constituencies in terms of ethnicity, geography, education, and class.

Following the birth of the first “test-tube baby” in 1978, Assisted Reproductive Technologies became available to a small number of people in high-income countries able to afford the cost of private treatment, a period seen as the “First Phase” of ARTs. In the “Second Phase,” these treatments became increasingly available to cosmopolitan global elites. Today, this picture is changing — albeit slowly and unevenly — as ARTs are becoming more widely available. While, for many, accessing infertility treatments remains a dream, these are beginning to be viewed as a standard part of reproductive healthcare and family planning. This volume highlights this “Third Phase” — the opening up of ARTs to new constituencies in terms of ethnicity, geography, education, and class.

Introduction: Assisted Reproductive Technologies: A Third Phase?
Bob Simpson and Kate Hampshire

Section One: (Islamic) ART Journeys and Moral Pioneers


Introduction: New Reproductive Technologies in Islamic Local Moral Worlds
Marcia C. Inhorn


Chapter 1. ‘Islamic Bioethics’ in Transnational Perspective
Morgan Clarke


Chapter 2. Moral Pioneers: Pakistani Muslims and the Take-up of Assisted Reproductive Technologies in the North of England
Bob Simpson, Mwenza Blell and Kate Hampshire


Chapter 3. Whither Kinship? Assisted Reproductive Technologies and Relatedness in the Islamic Republic of Iran
Soraya Tremayne


Chapter 4. Practitioner Perspective: Practising ARTs in Islamic Contexts
Farouk Mahmoud


Section Two:  ARTs and the Low-Income Threshold.


Introduction: ARTs in Resource-Poor Areas: Practices, Experiences, Challenges and Theoretical Debates
Trudie Gerrits


Chapter 5. Global Access to Reproductive Technologies and Infertility Care in Developing Countries
Willem Ombelet

Chapter 6. Childlessness in Bangladesh: Women’s Experiences of Access to Biomedical Infertility Services
Papreen Nahar


Chapter 7. Ethics, Identities and Agency: ART, Elites and HIV/AIDS in Botswana
Astrid Bochow


Chapter 8. A Child Cannot Be Bought? Economies of Hope and Failure When Doing ARTs in Mali
Viola Hörbst


Chapter 9. Practitioner Perspective: A View from Sri Lanka
Thilina S. Palihawadana and H.R. Seneviratne


Section Three: ARTs and Professional Practice


Introduction: Ethnic Communities, Professions and Practices
Alison Shaw


Chapter 10. Reproductive Technologies and Ethnic Minorities: Beyond a Marginalising Discourse on the Marginalised Communities
Sangeeta Chattoo


Chapter 11. Knock Knock, ‘You’re my mummy’: Anonymity, Identification and Gamete Donation in British South Asian Communities
Nicky Hudson and Lorraine Culley


Chapter 12. Practitioner Perspective: Cultural Competence from Theory to Clinical Practice
Ana Liddie Navarro and Miriam Orcutt


Notes on Contributors    
Bibliography
Index

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