Presents the latest research on the causes and consequences of British population change from the medieval period to the eve of the Industrial Revolution, in both town and countryside
Population, Welfare and Economic Change presents the latest research on the causes and consequences of British population change from the medieval period to the eve of the Industrial Revolution, in both town and countryside. Its overarching concern is with the economic and demographic decision-making of individuals and groups and the extent to which these were constrained by institutions and resources. Within this, the volume's particular focus is on population growth: its causes and the welfare challenges it posed. Several chapters investigate the success with which the English Old Poor Law provided care for the poor and elderly, and new work on alternative welfare institutions, such as almshouses, is also presented.
A further distinctive feature of this book is its comparative perspective. By making systematic comparisons between economic and demographic developments in pre-industrial Britain and those taking place in various regions of contemporary Continental Europe and Russia, several chapters uncover how far Britain in this period was 'different'. Stimulating to experts and students alike,
Population, Welfareand Economic Change offers overviews and summaries of the latest scholarship by leading economic historians and historical demographers, alongside detailed case studies which showcase the original research of younger scholars.
Chris Briggs is Lecturer in Medieval British Economic and Social History at the University of Cambridge and a Fellow of Selwyn College. P.M. Kitson is a former Research Associate at the Cambridge Group for the Historyof Population and Social Structure and Bye-Fellow of Downing College, Cambridge. S.J. Thompson is a former J.H. Plumb Fellow and Director of Studies in History at Christ's College, Cambridge.
CONTRIBUTORS: Lorraine Barry, Jeremy Boulton, Chris Briggs, Bruce M.S. Campbell, Tracy Dennison, Nigel Goose, R.W. Hoyle, Peter Kitson, Julie Marfany, Rebecca Oakes, Sheilagh Ogilvie, Stephen Thompson, Samantha Williams, Sir Tony Wrigley, Margaret Yates
Introduction - Chris Briggs and P. M. Kitson and S. J. Thompson
European Marriage Patterns and their Implications: John Hajnal's Essay and Historical Demography During the Last Half-Century - E.A. Wrigley
The Population Geography of Great Britain c.1290: a Provisional Reconstruction - Bruce M.S. Campbell and Lorraine Barry
Mobility and Mortality: How Place of Origin Affected the Life Chances of Late Medieval Scholars at Winchester College and New College Oxford - Rebecca Oakes
Family and Welfare in Early Modern Europe: a North-South Comparison - Julie Marfany
Support for the Elderly during the 'Crisis' of the English Old Poor Law - Samantha Williams
Indoors or Outdoors? Welfare Priorities and Pauper Choices in the Metropolis under the Old Poor Law, 1718-1824 - Jeremy Boulton
Population Growth and Corporations of the Poor, 1660-1841 - S. J. Thompson
Charity and Commemoration: a Berkshire Family and their Almshouse 1675-1763 - Nigel Goose and Margaret Yates
The Institutional Context of Serfdom in England and Russia - Tracy Dennison
Choices and Constraints in the Pre-Industrial Countryside - Sheilagh Ogilvie
Some Commercial Implications of
English Individualism - Richard Hoyle