Foundations of an African Civilisation
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Foundations of an African Civilisation

Aksum and the northern Horn, 1000 BC - AD 1300
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ISBN-13:
9781782042891
Einband:
EPUB
Seiten:
304
Autor:
David W. Phillipson
eBook Typ:
Adobe Digital Editions
eBook Format:
EPUB
Kopierschutz:
Adobe DRM [Hard-DRM]
Sprache:
Englisch
Beschreibung:

A single coherent narrative of Aksumite civilisation revealing the roots of medieval Christian Ethiopia.
Focuses on the Aksumite state of the first millennium AD in northern Ethiopia and southern Eritrea, its development, florescence and eventual transformation into the so-called medieval civilisation of Christian Ethiopia. This bookseeks to apply a common methodology, utilising archaeology, art-history, written documents and oral tradition from a wide variety of sources; the result is a far greater emphasis on continuity than previous studies have revealed.It is thus a major re-interpretation of a key development in Ethiopia's past, while raising and discussing methodological issues of the relationship between archaeology and other historical disciplines; these issues, which have theoretical significance extending far beyond Ethiopia, are discussed in full.
The last millennium BC is seen as a time when northern Ethiopia and parts of Eritrea were inhabited by farming peoples whose ancestry may be tracedfar back into the local 'Late Stone Age'. Colonisation from southern Arabia, to which defining importance has been attached by earlier researchers, is now seen to have been brief in duration and small in scale, its effects largely restricted to élite sections of the community. Re-consideration of inscriptions shows the need to abandon the established belief in a single 'Pre-Aksumite' state. New evidence for the rise of Aksum during the last centuries BC is critically evaluated.

Finally, new chronological precision is provided for the decline of Aksum and the transfer of centralised political authority to more southerly regions. A new study of the ancient churches - both builtand rock-hewn - which survive from this poorly-understood period emphasises once again a strong degree of continuity across periods that were previously regarded as distinct.



David W. Phillipson is Emeritus Professor of African Archaeology and former Director of the University Museum of Archaeology & Anthropology, Cambridge. In 2014 he was made an Associate Fellow of the Ethiopian Academy of Sciences.



Published in association with the British Institute in Eastern Africa.



Ethiopia: Addis Ababa University Press
Introduction - Part I Before Aksum

The northern Horn 3000 years ago

The first millennium BC - Part II The Kingdom of Aksum

Aksumite civilisation: an introductory summary

Aksumite languages & literacy

Some written sources relating to Aksumite civilisation

The emergence & expansion of the Aksumite state

Aksumite kingship & politics

Aksumite religion

Cultivation & herding, food & drink

Urbanism, architecture & non-funerary monuments

Aksumite burials

Aksumite technology & material culture

Aksumite coinage

Foreign contacts of the Aksumite state

Decline & transformation of the Aksumite state - Part III After Aksum

The Zagwe Dynasty - Part IV Epilogue

The future of the past in the northern Horn