Many studies of Eliot's writings have mentioned his religious beliefs, but most have failed to give the topic due weight, and many have misunderstood or misrepresented his faith. T. S. Eliot and Christian Tradition presents the subject of Eliot's religious beliefs in rich detail, from a number of different perspectives, giving readers the opportunity to see the topic in its complexity and fullness.
T. S. Eliot was raised in the Unitarian faith of his family in St. Louis but drifted away from their beliefs while studying philosophy, mysticism, and anthropology at Harvard. During a year in Paris, he became involved with a group of Catholic writers and subsequently went through a gradual conversion to Catholic Christianity.
Many studies of Eliot's writings have mentioned his religious beliefs, but most have failed to give the topic due weight, and many have misunderstood or misrepresented his faith. More recently, scholars have begun exploring this dimension of Eliot's thought more carefully and fully. In this book readers will find Eliot's Anglo-Catholicism accurately defined and thoughtfully considered. Essays illuminate the all-important influence of the French Catholic writers he came to know in Paris. Prominent among them were those who wrote for or were otherwise associated with the Nouvelle Revue Française, including André Gide, Paul Claudel, and Charles-Louis Philippe. Also active in Paris at that time was the notorious Charles Maurras, whose influence on Eliot has been exaggerated by those who wished to discredit Eliot's traditionalist views. A more measured assessment of Maurras's influence has been needed and is found in several essays here. A wiser French Catholic writer, Jacques Maritain, has been largely ignored by Eliot scholars, but his influence is now given due consideration. The keynote of Eliot's cultural and political writings is his belief that religion and culture are integrally related. Several contributors examine his ideas on this subject, placing them in the context of Maritain's ideas, as well as those of the Catholic historian Christopher Dawson.
Contributors take account of Eliot's intellectual relationship with such figures as John Henry Newman, Charles Williams, and the expert on church architecture, W. R. Lethaby. Eliot's engagement with other contemporaries who held a variety of Christian beliefs—including George Santayana, Paul Elmer More, C. S. Lewis, and David Jones—is also explored.
This collection presents the subject of Eliot's religious beliefs in rich detail, from a number of different perspectives, giving readers the opportunity to see the topic in its complexity and fullness.
I. Eliot and Anglo-Catholicism
William Blissett, “T. S. Eliot and Catholicity”
William Blissett, Catholicity: A Précis
II. French Catholic Influences
John Morgenstern, “T. S. Eliot and the French Catholic Revival: 1910-11 Paris”
William Marx, “Eliot and Maurras on Classicism”
Shun’ichi Takayanagi, S.J., "T. S. Eliot, the Action Française and Neo-Scholasticism"
James Matthew Wilson, “An ‘Organ for a Frenchified Doctrine’: Jacques Maritain, and The
III. Christian Tradition
William Charron, “Medieval Aristotelian Theories of the Soul in ‘Tradition and the Individual
Lee Oser, “T. S. Eliot and John Henry Newman”
Dominic Manganiello, "T. S. Eliot, Charles Williams, and Dante’s Way of Love"
Hazel Atkins, “T. S. Eliot, W. R. Lethaby, and Sacred Architecture”
IV. Culture and Religion
Christopher McVey, “Backgrounds to The Idea of a Christian Society: Charles Maurras,
Christopher Dawson, and Jacques Maritain”
Anderson Araujo, “Between ‘Absolutism’ and ‘Impossible Theocracy’:
Hierarchy in Eliot’s Anglo-Catholicism”
Paul Robichaud, “Eliot’s Christian Sociology and the Problem of Nationalism”
Benjamin Lockerd, “Beyond Politics: Christopher Dawson and T. S. Eliot on Religion and
James Seaton, “Poetry and Religion in George Santayana and T. S. Eliot”
David Huisman, "'A Long Journey Afoot': The Pilgrimages toward Orthodoxy of T. S. Eliot
and Paul Elmer More"
Charles Huttar, “C. S. Lewis’s Appreciation of T. S. Eliot”
Thomas Dilworth, “Eliot for David Jones”
About the Contributors