American Difference
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American Difference

A Guide to American Politics in Comparative Perspective
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ISBN-13:
9781544325347
Einband:
EPUB
Seiten:
312
Autor:
Lori M. Poloni-Staudinger
eBook Typ:
Adobe Digital Editions
eBook Format:
EPUB
Kopierschutz:
Adobe DRM [Hard-DRM]
Sprache:
Englisch
Beschreibung:

Examining democracies from a comparative perspective helps us better understand why politics—or, as Harold Lasswell famously said, "who gets what, when, and how"—differ among democracies.
American Difference: A Guide to American Politics in Comparative Perspective takes you through different aspects of democracy—political culture, institutions, interest groups, political parties, and elections—and, unlike other works, explores how the United States is both different from and similar to other democracies.  



The fully updated
Second
Edition has been expanded to include several new chapters and discussion on civil liberties and civil rights, constitutional arrangements, elections and electoral institutions, and electoral behavior. This edition also includes data around the 2016 general election and 2018 midterm election
Examining democracies from a comparative perspective helps us better understand why politics—or, as Harold Lasswell famously said, "who gets what, when, and how"—differ among democracies. American Difference: A Guide to American Politics in Comparative Perspective takes the reader through different aspects of democracy—political culture, institutions, interest groups, political parties, and elections—and, unlike other works, explores how the United States is both different from and similar to other democracies.  



The fully updated
Second
Edition has been expanded to include several new chapters and discussion on civil liberties and civil rights, constitutional arrangements, elections and electoral institutions, and electoral behavior. This edition also includes data around the 2016 general election and 2018 midterm election.
Preface

Acknowledgments

About the Authors

Chapter 1: American Politics from a Comparative Perspective

What Does It Mean to Examine American Politics from a Comparative Perspective?

Is American Democracy the Best Type of Democracy?

Why Is It Important to Examine American Politics from a Comparative Perspective?

What to Expect in the Following Chapters

How to Use This Book

Key Terms

Review Questions

Notes

Chapter 2: Similarities between the United States and Other Democracies

Definition of Democracy

Procedural Democracy

Public Contestation (Competition) and Inclusion (Participation)

Freedoms

Socioeconomic Development

Conclusion

Points to Remember

Key Terms

Review Questions

Suggested Readings

Notes

Chapter 3: American Exceptionalism

Differing Views of Governing Legitimacy

Functional Explanations for American Exceptionalism

Social Democracy and Liberal Democracy

Conclusion

Points to Remember

Key Terms

Review Questions

Suggested Readings

Notes

Chapter 4: Political Beliefs: Political Culture and Ideology

Political Culture

Civic Culture

Political Engagement: Political Interest

Interpersonal Trust, Reciprocity, and Social Capital

Political Efficacy: Free Choice and Control over Life

Distinction of American Cultural Beliefs

Individualism and Economy

Ideology

Conclusion

Points to Remember

Key Terms

Review Questions

Suggested Readings

Notes

Chapter 5: Civil Liberties and Civil Rights

Civil Rights and Civil Liberties

Explaining Differing Levels of Civil Rights and Liberties

Civil Liberties in Practice

Civil Rights in Practice

Conclusion

Points to Remember

Key Terms

Review Questions

Suggested Readings

Notes

Chapter 6: Constitutional Arrangements

Constitutional Arrangement: Constitutional Longevity

Constitutional Arrangement: Majoritarian and Consociational Democracies

Vertical Organization of Government: Unitary, Federal, and Confederal Systems

Conclusion

Points to Remember

Key Terms

Review Questions

Suggested Readings

Notes

Chapter 7: Governing Institutions

National Governing Institutions

The Legislative Branch

The Executive Branch

Judiciary

Conclusion

Points to Remember

Key Terms

Review Questions

Suggested Readings

Notes

Chapter 8: Interest Groups

Interest Groups, Social Movements, and Social Movement Organizations

Interest Group Life Cycle

Pluralist Versus Neo-Corporatist Interest Group Arrangements

Why Pluralist or Neo-Corporatist?

Role of Interest Groups in the United States Historically and Today

Types of Groups

New Social Movements

How Do Groups Participate in Politics?

Conclusion

Points to Remember

Key Terms

Review Questions

Suggested Readings

Notes

Chapter 9: Political Parties

Party History and Formation

American Party Development—Why Aren’t Parties as Strong?

The Founding and the Aversion to Parties

The Nature of American Parties

Where Are the American Cleavages?

Role of Parties in Government

American Two-Party System Versus Other Party Systems

An Americanization of Parties Elsewhere or More Party Government in the United States?

Conclusion

Points to Remember

Key Terms

Review Questions

Suggested Readings

Notes

Chapter 10: Elections and Electoral Institutions

Candidate Selection

Electoral Institutions

Plurality, Majority, and Proportional Representation Systems

Consequences of Electoral Systems

Conclusion

Key Terms

Review Questions

Suggested Readings

Notes

Chapter 11: Electoral Behavior

Introduction

Context of Elections and Campaigns

Voting Behavior: Electoral Participation

Political Party Mobilization: Weak Party Organization in the United States

Campaign Information Flow

Clarity of Electoral Choice: Liberalism and Limited Government

Evaluating the Consequences of the Electoral Context on Voter Participation

Electoral Behavior: Determinants of Vote Choice

Nonvoting Behavior

Consequences of Electoral Laws, Context, and Voting for Democracy

Conclusion

Points to Remember

Key Terms

Review Questions

Suggested Readings

Notes

Chapter 12: Conclusion

Notes