This book provides a comprehensive overview of the operating principles and technology of electron lenses in supercolliders. Electron lenses are a novel instrument for high energy particle accelerators, particularly for the energy-frontier superconducting hadron colliders, including the Tevatron, RHIC, LHC and future very large hadron colliders. After reviewing the issues surrounding beam dynamics in supercolliders, the book offers an introduction to the electron lens method and its application. Further chapters describe the technology behind the electron lenses which have recently been proposed, built and employed for compensation of beam-beam effects and for collimation of high-energy high-intensity beams, for compensation of space-charge effects and several other applications in accelerators. The book will be an invaluable resource for those involved in the design, construction and operation of the next generation of hadron colliders.
Part I Colliding Beams Method.- Beam Dynamics Issues in Hadron Supercolliders.- Overview of the Electron Lens Method and Its Applications in Supercolliders.- Part II Technology of Electron Lenses.- Major Requirements.- Electron and Proton Beam Stability.- Electron Source.- Magnetic Systems.- Beam Diagnostics and Other Systems.- Tevatron and RHIC Electron Lenses.- Part III Electron Lenses for Beam-Beam Compensation.- Head-on beam-beam compensation.- Long-range beam-beam compensation.- Part IV Electron Lenses for Beam Halo Collimation.- Transverse Collimation: Hollow Electron Beam.- Longitudinal Beam Collimation: Abort Gap Cleaning.- Part V Electron Lenses for Space-Charge Compensation.- Theory and Modeling of the SCC with Electron Lenses.- Experimental Studies of the SCC.- Part VI Other Applications of Electron Lenses.- Electron Lenses for Slow Extraction from Proton Synchrotrons.- Beam-beam Compensation in e+e- Colliders with Electron Lenses.- Electron Beams to Control Transverse Instabilities.- Electron Lens for Nonlinear Integrable Optics.- Beam-beam Kicker.