Respecting Persons in Theory and Practice

Respecting Persons in Theory and Practice
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Essays on Moral and Political Philosophy
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Artikel-Nr:
9781461643050
Veröffentl:
2002
Seiten:
320
Autor:
Jan Narveson
eBook Typ:
EPUB
Kopierschutz:
Adobe DRM [Hard-DRM]
Sprache:
Englisch
Beschreibung:

Respecting Persons in Theory and Practice is a collection of essays of the moral and political philosophy of Jan Narveson. The essays in this collection share a consistent theme running through much of Narveson's moral and political philosophy, namely that politics and morals stem from the interests of individual people, and have no antecedent authority over us. The essays in this collection, in various ways and as applied to various aspects of the scene, argue that the ultimate and true point of politics and morals is to enable us to make our lives better, according to our varied senses of what that might mean.
Respecting Persons in Theory and Practice is a collection of essays of the moral and political philosophy of Jan Narveson. The essays in this collection share a consistent theme running through much of Narveson's moral and political philosophy, namely that politics and morals stem from the interests of individual people, and have no antecedent authority over us. Rather, the source of such authority lies in the way people are related to one another, and most especially, in the exigencies of cooperation.

Humans have plenty of problems, Narveson argues, but we are perhaps unique among animals in that our worst enemies, often enough, are other humans. The rules of morals and the devices of politics, in the view Narveson holds, deal with these problems by identifying the potential for gain from cooperation, and loss from the reverse. The essays express a collective antipathy for the ways in which modern political and moral philosophy has ridden roughshod over sane and efficient social restrictions, leaving us with a social scene devoted mainly to satisfying the cravings for power of the politically ambitious. Politics, Narveson argues with distress, has subverted morals. The essays in this collection, in various ways and as applied to various aspects of the scene, detail these charges, arguing that the ultimate and true point of politics and morals is to enable us to make our lives better, according to our varied senses of what that might mean.
Chapter 1 Preface
Chapter 2 Introduction
Chapter 3 Utilitarianism and Formalism
Chapter 4 A Puzzle about Economic Justice in Rawl's Theory
Chapter 5 Marxism: Hollow at the Core
Chapter 6 On Recent Arguments for Egalitarianism
Chapter 7 Moral Realism, Emotivism, and Natural Law
Chapter 8 Justice as Pure Efficiency: Pareto Efficiency, Justice and the Free Market—A Pure Efficiency Conception of Justice
Chapter 9 Toward a Liberal Theory of Ideology—A Quasi-Marxian Exploration
Chapter 10 Property Rights: Original Acquisition and Lockean Provisos
Chapter 11 Deserving Profits
Chapter 12 Fixing Democracy
Chapter 13 The Anarchist's Case
Chapter 14 Have we a Right to Nondiscrimination?
Chapter 15 Collective Rights?
Chapter 16 The Drug Laws: More Nails in the Coffin of American Liberalism
Chapter 17 Children and Rights
Chapter 18 Natural Resources, Sustainability, and the Central Committee
Chapter 19 Bibliography
Chapter 20 Index

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