Humanitarianism, War, and Politics
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Humanitarianism, War, and Politics

Solferino to Syria and Beyond
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ISBN-13:
9781442266148
Seiten:
344
Autor:
Peter J. Hoffman
Serie:
New Millennium Books in International Studies
eBook Typ:
Adobe Digital Editions
Kopierschutz:
Adobe DRM [Hard-DRM]
Sprache:
Englisch
Beschreibung:

This authoritative book provides a comprehensive analysis of the original idea of humanitarianism and its evolution, exploring its triangulation with war and politics. Tracing the profound changes in the culture and capacities that underpin the sector, the authors assess the reinventions that constitute “revolutions in humanitarian affairs.”
What is humanitarianism? This authoritative book provides a comprehensive analysis of the original idea and its evolution, exploring its triangulation with war and politics. Peter J. Hoffman and Thomas G. Weiss trace the origins of humanitarianism, its social movement, and the institutions (international humanitarian law) and organizations (providers of assistance and protection) that comprise it. They consider the international humanitarian system’s ability to regulate the conduct of war, to improve the wellbeing of its victims, and to prosecute war criminals. Probing the profound changes in the culture and capacities that underpin the sector and alter the meaning of humanitarianism, they assess the reinventions that constitute “revolutions in humanitarian affairs.”



The book begins with traditions and perspectives—ranging from classic international relations approaches to “Critical Humanitarian Studies” —and reviews seminal wartime emergencies and the creation and development of humanitarian agencies in the late nineteenth and twentieth centuries. The authors then examine the rise of “new humanitarianisms” after the Cold War’s end and contemporary cases after 9/11. The authors continue by unpacking the most recent “revolutions”—the International Criminal Court and the “Responsibility to Protect”—as well as such core challenges as displacement camps, infectious diseases, eco-refugees, and marketization. They conclude by evaluating the contemporary system and the prospects for further transformations, identifying scholarly puzzles and the acute operational problems faced by practitioners.



















































Introduction
Humanitarian Cosmology and Mythology
Chapter 1
Humanitarian Culture, Traditions, and Theories
Chapter 2
Humanitarian Genesis and Gravity: Solferino to Biafra and African Famine
Chapter 3
The New Wars and New Humanitarianisms of the 1990s: Northern Iraq, Somalia, Rwanda, and the Balkans
Chapter 4
Humanitarianism and Security: The Responsibility to Protect
Chapter 5
Humanitarianism Adjudicated: The International Criminal Court
Chapter 6
Humanitarianism in the Post-9/11 World: Afghanistan, Iraq, Libya, and Syria
Chapter 7
Humanitarianism Forgotten and Forsaken: Darfur, South Sudan, Uganda, and Neglected Victims
Chapter 8
Humanitarian Limbo: Displaced Populations, Protracted Situations, Contested Camps
Chapter 9
The Humanitarian-Industrial Complex: Media and Markets
Chapter 10
Humanitarianism Unbound: Public Health Disasters and Environmental Emergencies
Chapter 11
The Study and Practice of Humanitarianism: Making Sense and Finding Meaning in Saving People