Twentieth-Century Latin American Revolutions
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Twentieth-Century Latin American Revolutions

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ISBN-13:
9781442265882
Seiten:
272
Autor:
Marc Becker
Serie:
Latin American Perspectives in the Classroom
eBook Typ:
Adobe Digital Editions
Kopierschutz:
Adobe DRM [Hard-DRM]
Sprache:
Englisch
Beschreibung:

This clear and concise text extends our understanding of revolutions with a critical narrative analysis of key Latin American examples. Each case study provides an interpretive explanation of the historical context in which each movement emerged, its main goals and achievements, its shortcomings, its outcome, and its legacy.
Revolutions are a commonly studied but only vaguely understood historical phenomenon. This clear and concise text extends our understanding with a critical narrative analysis of key case studies: the 1910–1920 Mexican Revolution; the 1944–1954 Guatemalan Spring; the 1952–1964 MNR-led revolution in Bolivia; the Cuban Revolution that triumphed in 1959; the 1970–1973 Chilean path to socialism; the leftist Sandinistas in Nicaragua in power from 1979–1990; failed guerrilla movements in Colombia, El Salvador, and Peru; and the Bolivarian Revolution in Venezuela after Hugo Chávez’s election in 1998. Historian Marc Becker opens with a theoretical introduction to revolutionary movements, including a definition of what “revolution” means and an examination of factors necessary for a revolution to succeed. He analyzes revolutions through the lens of those who participated and explores the sociopolitical conditions that led to a revolutionary situation, the differing responses to those conditions, and the outcomes of those political changes. Each case study provides an interpretive explanation of the historical context in which each movement emerged, its main goals and achievements, its shortcomings, its outcome, and its legacy. The book concludes with an analysis of how elected leftist governments in the twenty-first century continue to struggle with issues that revolutionaries confronted throughout the twentieth century.
Preface

1 Theories of Revolution


Biography: José Carlos Mariátegui, 1894–1930


Document: José Carlos Mariátegui, “On the Indigenous Problem,” 1928


2 Mexican Revolution, 1910–1920


Biography: Emiliano Zapata, 1879–1919


Document: Emiliano Zapata, “Plan of Ayala,” 1911


3 Guatemalan Spring, 1944–1954


Biography: Jacobo Arbenz Guzmán, 1913–1971


Document: “Decree 900,” 1952


4 Bolivia’s Nationalist Revolution, 1952–1964


Biography: Juan Lechín Oquendo, 1914–2001


Document: The Union Federation of Bolivian Mine Workers (FSTMB),


“Pulacayo Theses,” 1946


5 Cuban Revolution, 1959–


Biography: Fidel Castro, 1926–2016


Document: “First Declaration of Havana,” 1960


6 Chilean Road to Socialism, 1970–1973


Biography: Salvador Allende Gossens, 1909–1973


Document: “Popular Unity Government: Basic Program,” 1970


7 Nicaraguan Sandinistas, 1979–1990


Biography: Carlos Fonseca Amador, 1936–1976


Document: “The Historic Program of the FSLN,” 1969


8 Guerrilla Warfare


Biography: Che Guevara, 1928–1967


Document: Che Guevara, Guerrilla Warfare, 1960


9 Venezuela’s Bolivarian Revolution, 1999–


Biography: Hugo Rafael Chávez Frías, 1954–2013


Document: Hugo Chávez, World Social Forum, 2005


10 Socialisms of the Twentieth and Twenty-First Centuries


Glossary


Index