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The Effects of Noise on Aquatic Life

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ISBN-13:
9781441973115
Einband:
eBook
Seiten:
695
Autor:
Arthur N. Popper
Serie:
730, Advances in Experimental Medicine and Biology
eBook Typ:
PDF
eBook Format:
eBook
Kopierschutz:
Adobe DRM [Hard-DRM]
Sprache:
Englisch
Beschreibung:

The Second International Conference on the Effects of Noise on Aquatic Life will take place in Ireland August 15-20, 2010. The main emphasis of the conference will be on defining the current state of knowledge. However, we will also assess progress in the three years since the First conference. The Second conference will place strong emphasis on recent research results, the sharing of ideas, discussion of experimental approaches, and analysis of regulatory issues.

1

Noise and Marine Life: Progress From Nyborg to Cork in Science and Technology to Inform Decision Making


Brandon L. Southall


2


Listening Backward – Early Days of Marine Bioacoustics


William N. Tavolga


Section 2 – Sound Detection by Aquatic Animals


3


Effects of Underwater Noise on Marine Mammals


Christine Erbe


4


Psychophysical Studies of Auditory Masking in Marine Mammals: Key Concepts and New Directions


Colleen Reichmuth


5


On the Relationship Between Environmental Noise, Critical Ratios, and Comodulation Masking Release in the Bottlenose Dolphin (Tursiops truncatus)


Brian K. Branstetter, Jennifer S. Trickey, and James J. Finneran


6


Direct Measurements of Subjective Loudness in a Bottlenose Dolphin


Carolyn E. Schlundt and James J. Finneran


7


High Auditory Time Resolution in Bottlenose Dolphins Is Effective Protection Against Reverberation


Gennadi Zaslavski


8


Frequency Selectivity in the Bottlenose Dolphin Auditory System


Gennadi Zaslavski


9


Auditory Brain Stem Responses Associated with Echolocation in an Atlantic Bottlenose Dolphin (Tursiops truncatus)


Songhai Li, Paul E. Nachtigall, and Marlee Breese


10


Hearing, Noise, and Echolocating Odontocetes


Paul E.Nachtigall, Alexander Y. Supin,  and Marlee Breese


11


Evoked Potential Audiometry in Aquatic Mammals


Alexander Y. Supin


12


Prediction of a Mysticete Audiogram via Finite Element Analysis of the Middle Ear


Andrew Tubelli, Aleks Zosuls, Darlene Ketten, and David C. Mountain


13


Reverse Engineering the Cetacean Ear to Extract Audiograms


Aleks Zosuls, Seth O. Newburg, Darlene R. Ketten, and David C. Mountain


14


Validation of a Vibroacoustic Finite Element Model Using Bottlenose Dolphin Experiments


Petr Krysl, Vanessa Trijoulet, and Ted W. Cranford


15


Acoustic Function in the Peripheral Auditory System of Cuvier’s Beaked Whale (Ziphius cavirostris)


Ted W. Cranford and Petr Krysl


16


Auditory Evoked Potential Measurement of Hearing Sensitivity in Pinnipeds


Jason Mulsow, Colleen Reichmuth, Dorian Houser, and James J. Finneran


17


Hearing in Birds: What Changes From Air to Water


Robert J. Dooling and Sara C. Therrien


18


Amphibious Hearing in Sea Turtles


Wendy E. Dow Piniak, David A. Mann, Scott A. Eckert, and Craig A. Harms


19


Hearing Capabilities of Loggerhead Sea Turtles (Caretta caretta) Throughout Ontogeny


Ashley L. Lavender, Soraya M. Bartol, and Ian K. Bartol


20


Are Sharks Even Bothered by a Noisy Environment?


Brandon M. Casper, Michele B. Halvorsen, and Arthur N. Popper


21


Optimal Auditory Sensitivity Under Variable Background Noise Conditions: A Theoretical Model


Marco Lugli


22


A Critical Reevaluation of the Role of Acoustic Pressure in Source Localization by Fish


Peter H. Rogers, James S. Martin, and John R. Bogle


23


Vibration of the Otoliths in a Teleost


Carl R. Schilt, Ted W. Cranford, Petr Krysl, Robert E. Shadwick, and Anthony D. Hawkins


24


Hearing Sensitivity of the Painted Goby, Pomatoschistus pictus


Marta Bolgan, Silvia S. Pedroso, Raquel O. Vasconcelos, Joana M. Jordão, M. Clara P. Amorim, and Paulo J. Fonseca


25


Acoustic Communication in Pomatoschistus spp.: A Comparison Between Closely Related Species


Silvia S. Pedroso, Marta Bolgan, Joana M. Jordão, Paulo J. Fonseca, and M. Clara P. Amorim


26


The Importance of Hearing for Survival of Danio rerio (Zebrafish) in an Experimental Predator/Prey Environment


Rikke Agner Jørgensen, Christian Brandt, Magnus Wahlberg, and Jakob Christensen-Dalsgaard


27


Lateral Line Canal Morphology and Noise Reduction


Adrian T. Klein and Horst Bleckmann


28


Potential for Sound Sensitivity in Cephalopods


T. Aran Mooney, Roger Hanlon, Peter T. Madsen, Jakob Christensen-Dalsgaard, Darlene R. Ketten, and Paul E. Nachtigall


29


Listening in Noise


Richard R. Fay


30


Discovery of Sound in the Sea: An On-line Resource


Kathleen J. Vigness-Raposa, Gail Scowcroft, James H. Miller, and Darlene Ketten


Section 3 - Sound Production by Aquatic Animals


31


Whistles of Bottlenose Dolphins: Group Repertoires and Geographic Variations in Brazilian Waters


Lisa S. Hoffmann, Elton Ferlin, Pedro F. Fruet, Rodrigo C. Genovês, Fernanda P. Valdez, Juliana Di Tullio, Glauco Caon, and Thales R. Freitas


32


Detection and Classification of Vocalizations for the Study of Marine Mammal Distributions in the Chukchi Sea


David Hannay


33


Acoustic Ecology and Behavior of Minke Whales in the Hawaiian and Marianas Islands: Localization, Abundance Estimation and Characterization of Minke Whale ”Boings”


Thomas Norris, Stephen Martin, Len Thomas, Tina Yack, Julie N. Oswald, Eva-Marie Nosal, and Vincent Janik


34


What You See Is Not What You Hear: The Relationship Between Odontocete Echolocation Click Production and Hearing


Laura N. Kloepper, Paul E. Nachtigall, and Marlee Breese


35


Sound Production and Reception in Southern Sea Otters (Enhydra lutris nereis)


Asila Ghoul and Colleen Reichmuth


36


Nocturnal Acoustic Activity in the Shallow Waters of the WWF-Miramare Natural Marine Reserve (Trieste, Italy)


Antonio Codarin, Marta Picciulin, Linda Sebastianutto, Giuliana Calcagno, Maurizio Spoto, and Enrico A. Ferrero


37


Acoustic Ecology of the California Mantis Shrimp (Hemisquilla californiensis)


Erica R. Staaterman, Christopher W. Clark, Austin J. Gallagher, Thomas Claverie, Maya S. deVries, and Sheila N. Patek


38


Influence of Turbidity on the Incidence of Sound Production in Atlantic Croaker (Micropogonias undulatus) in Pamlico Sound, North Carolina


Cecilia S. Krahforst, John P. Walsh, Mark W. Sprague, Devon O. Eulie, D. Reide Corbett, and Joseph J. Luczkovich


39


Propagation of Lusitanian Toadfish Sounds in Estuarine Shallow Waters


Andreia Ramos, M. Clara P. Amorim, and Paulo J. Fonseca


40


Sound Production in Some Physostomous Fish Species and Effects of Biological Sounds on Fish


Michail Y. Kuznetsov and Yury A. Kuznetsov


41


Is Biological Sound Production Important in the Deep Sea?


Rodney A. Rountree, Francis Juanes, Clifford A. Goudey, and Kenneth E. Ekstrom


42


Unusual and Unexpected Biological Noisemakers in the Irish Sea and St. George’s Channel


Rodney Coates, Gillian A. Coates, Rachel Porter, Andrew Davies, and Dylan Evans


Section 4 - Physiological Effects of Sounds


43


Noise-Induced Hearing Loss: From Animal Models to Human Trials


Colleen G. Le Prell


44


Auditory Effects of Underwater Noise in Odontocetes


James J. Finneran


45


Implementation of Acoustic Dosimeters With Recoverable Month-Long GPS/TDR Tags to Interpret Controlled-Exposure Experiments for Large Whales


Bruce R. Mate


46


Marine Mammal Auditory System Noise Impacts:  Evidence and Incidence


Darlene R. Ketten


47

Effect of Broadband Sounds on the Auditory Evoked Potential Thresholds in the Beluga Whale


Vladimir V. Popov and Alexander Y. Supin


48


The ESME Workbench: Simulating the Impact of Anthropogenic Sound on Marine Mammals


David C. Mountain, David Anderson, Andrew Brughera, Matthew Cross, Dorian S. Houser, Nael Musleh, Michael Porter, and Martin Siderius


49


Using EarLab to Study Masking Due to Anthropogenic Sound


David C. Mountain, David Anderson, and Andrew Brughera


50


Portable Auditory Evoked Potential System to Assess Odontocete Hearing


Aude F. Pacini, Paul E. Nachtigall, and Laura N. Kloepper


51


Barotrauma in Fish and Barotrauma Metrics


Thomas J. Carlson


52


Assessment of Barotrauma Injury and Cumulative Sound Exposure Level on Salmon After Exposure to Impulsive Sound


Michele B. Halvorsen, Brandon M. Casper, Thomas J. Carlson, Christa M. Woodley, and Arthur N. Popper


53


Shipboard Assessment of Hearing Sensitivity of Tropical Fishes Immediately After Exposure to Seismic Air Gun Emissions at Scott Reef


Mardi C. Hastings and Jennifer Miksis-Olds


54


A Lack of Correlation Between Air Gun Signal Pressure Waveforms and Fish Hearing Damage


Robert D. McCauley and Chandra Salgado Kent


55


Effects of Short- and Long-Term Exposure to Boat Noise on Cortisol Levels in Juvenile Fish


Ilaria Spiga, Joe Fox, and Robert Benson


56


Potential Effects of Long-Term Exposure to Boat Noise on the Growth, Survival, and Nutrient Retention in Juvenile Fish


Ilaria Spiga, Joe Fox, and Robert Benson


57


Predicting Hearing Loss in Fishes


Michael E. Smith

58


Effects of Pile-Driving Noise on Oncorhynchus mykiss (Steelhead Trout)


Richard Oestman and Christopher J. Earle


Section 5 - Anthropogenic Sounds and Behavior


59


Controlled Exposure Study of Dolphins and Sea Lions to Midfrequency Sonarlike Signals


Dorian Houser, Laura Yeates, Daniel Crocker, Stephen W. Martin, and James J. Finneran


60


A Direct Comparison of Bottlenose Dolphin and Common Dolphin Behavior During Seismic Surveys When Air Guns Are and Are Not Being Utilized


Sarah B. Barry, Anna C. Cucknell, and Nicola Clark


61


Behavioral Reactions of Harbor Porpoise to Pile-Driving Noise


Jakob Tougaard, Line A. Kyhn, Mats Amundin, Daniel Wennerberg, and Carolina Bordin


62


Effects of Offshore Pile Driving on Harbor Porpoises (Phocoena phocoena)


Miriam J. Brandt, Ansgar Diederichs, Klaus Betke, and Georg Nehls


63


Evaluating the Effects of Offshore Pile Driving on Phocoena phocoena (Harbor Porpoise) by Using Passive Acoustic Monitoring


Klaus Lucke, Michael Dähne, Sven Adler, Anja Brandecker, Kathrin Krügel, Janne K. Sundermeyer, and Ursula Siebert


64


Effects of Underwater Explosions on Presence and Habitat Use of Harbor Porpoises in the German Baltic Sea


Janne K. Sundermeyer, Klaus Lucke, Michael Dähne, Anja Gallus, Kathrin Krügel, and Ursula Siebert


65


Behavioral-Response Studies: Problems With Statistical Power


Rebecca A. Dunlop, Michael J. Noad, and Douglas H. Cato


66


Detection and Tracking of Whales Using a Shipborne, 360° Thermal-Imaging System


Elke Burkhardt, Lars Kindermann, Daniel Zitterbart, and Olaf Boebel


67

Distribution of Bowhead Whale Calls Near an Oil Production Island With Fluctuating Underwater Sound


W. John Richardson, Trent L. McDonald, Charles R. Greene, Jr., Susanna B. Blackwell, and Bill Streever


68


Assessment of the Effect of Natural and Anthropogenic Aquatic Noise on Vaquita (Phocoena sinus) Through a Numerical Simulation


Giovanni Castellazzi, Petr Krysl, Lorenzo Rojas, and Ted W. Cranford


69


Impacts of Anthropogenic Sounds on Phocoena phocoena (Harbor Porpoise)


Ronald Kastelein and Nancy Jennings


70


Changes in Vocal Behavior of North Atlantic Right Whales in Increased Noise


Susan E. Parks, Mack P. Johnson, Douglas P. Nowacek, and Peter L. Tyack


71


Acoustic Compensation to Shipping and Air Gun Noise by Mediterranean Fin Whales (Balaenoptera physalus)


Manuel Castellote, Christopher W. Clark, and Marc O. Lammers

72


Long–Term Monitoring of Anthropogenic Noise and Its Relationship to Bottlenose Dolphin (Tursiops truncatus) Distribution in the Cres–Lošinj Archipelago, Northern Adriatic, Croatia


Nikolina Rako, Marta Picciulin, Peter Mackelworth, Draško Holcer, and Caterina Maria Fortuna


73


Does Vessel Noise Affect the Use of Sound by Foraging Orcinus orca (Killer Whales)?


Marla M. Holt, Dawn P. Noren, and Candice K. Emmons


74


Do Silent Ships See More Fish? Comparison of a Noise-Reduced and a Conventional Research Vessel in Alaska


Alex De Robertis, Christopher D. Wilson, and Neal J. Williamson


75


Behavioral Observations of Baleen Whales in Proximity of a Modern Fishing Vessel


Matteo Bernasconi, Ruben Patel, and Leif Nøttestad


76


Assessing Effects of an Acoustic Marine Geophysical Survey on the Locomotive Behavior of Bottlenose Dolphins, Tursiops truncatus


Sylvia E. van der Woude

77


Acoustic Monitoring of Beluga Whales (Delphinapterus leucas) in Cook Inlet, Alaska


Marc O. Lammers, Robert Small, Shannon Atkinson, Manuel Castellote, Justin Jenniges, Anne Rosinski, Sue Moore, Chris Garner, and Whitlow W. L. Au


78


Soundscape of a Nearshore Coral Reef Near an Urban Center


Whitlow W. L. Au, Michael Richlen, and Marc O. Lammers


79


Gap Durations in Ambient Noise Impact the Communication Range of Harp Seals: A Pilot Study


John M. Terhune


80


Importance of Underwater Sounds for Migration of Fish and Aquatic Mammals


Ilse van Opzeeland and Hans Slabbekoorn


81


Behavioral Responses of Diamondback Terrapins (Malaclemys terrapin terrapin) to Recreational Boat Sounds


Lori A. Lester, Edward A. Standora, Walter F. Bien, and Harold W. Avery


82


Peter A. Cott, David A. Mann, Dennis M. Higgs, Tom A. Johnston, and John M. Gunn


83


Impacts of River-Based Air Gun Seismic Activity on Northern Fishes


Peter A. Cott, Arthur N. Popper, David A. Mann, John K. Jorgenson, and Bruce W. Hanna


84


Effects of Underwater Noise on Larval settlement


Jenni A. Stanley, Craig A. Radford, and Andrew G. Jeffs


85


Does Vessel Noise Change the Calling Rate and Intensity of Soniferous Fishes?


Joseph J. Luczkovich, Cecilia S. Krahforst, and Mark W. Sprague


86


Behavioral Responses of Captive Herring to Sonar Signals (1-1.6 kHz) of a Naval Frigate Throughout a Yearly Cycle


Lise Doksæter, Petter H. Kvadsheim, Nils O. Handegard, Nina Nordlund, and Olav R. Godø


87


Acoustic Tagging: A Suitable Method for the Study of Natural Herring Behavior Around Spawning?


Lise Langård, Arne Johannessen, Anders Fernö, Leif Nøttestad, Georg Skaret, Aril Slotte, Jostein Røttingen, and Jan T. Øvredal


88


The Effects of Pile Driving on the Behavior of Cod and Sole


Frank Thomsen, Christina Mueller-Blenkle, Andrew Gill, Julian Metcalfe, Peter K. McGregor, Victoria Bendall,  Mathias H. Andersson, Peter Sigray, and Daniel Wood


89


A Novel Field Study Setup to Investigate the Behavior of Fish Related to Sound


Christina Mueller-Blenkle, Andrew B. Gill, Peter K. McGregor, Mathais H. Andersson, Peter Sigray, Victoria Bendall, Julian Metcalfe, and Frank Thomsen


90


Do Ocean-Based Wind Farms Alter the Migration Pattern in the Endangered European Silver Eel (Anguilla anguilla) Due to Noise Disturbance?


Mathias H. Andersson, Ingvar Lagenfelt, and Peter Sigray


91


Effects of Vessel Engine Noise on the Acoustic Signaling Behavior of Dascyllus albisella (Hawaiian Damselfish)


Pollyanna I. Fisher-Pool, Marc O. Lammers, and Lisa M. Munger


92


Distribution and Potential Impact of Boat Noise on Fish Sound Production From an Autonomous Acoustic Array in the Eastern Gulf of Mexico


Carrie C. Wall, Peter Simard, and David A. Mann


93


Cichlid Courtship Acoustics: Signals and Noise Influence Reproductive Behavior


Hans Slabbekoorn, Machteld Verzijden, and Christina May


94


Using Catch Statistics to Investigate effects of Seismic Activity on Fish Catch Rates


Aud Vold, Sven Løkkeborg, and Maria M. Tenningen


95


Effects of Sounds From Seismic Air Guns on Fish Behavior and Catch Rates


Svein Løkkeborg, Egil Ona, Aud Vold, and Are Salthaug


Section 6 – Population Effects


96


A Bioenergetics Approach to Developing a Population Consequences of Acoustic Disturbance Model


Daniel P. Costa


97


Energetic Cost of Behaviors Performed in Response to Vessel Disturbance: One Link in the Population Consequences of Acoustic Disturbance Model


Dawn P. Noren, Robin C. Dunkin, Terri M. Williams, and Marla M. Holt


Section 7 - Anthropogenic Sound Sources and Their Measurement


98


A Common Sense Approach to Source Metrics


William T. Ellison and Adam S. Frankel


99


Underwater Sounds from Unattenuated and Attenuated Marine Pile Driving


James Reyff


100


What is the Source Level of Pile-Driving Noise in Water?


Michael A. Ainslie, Christ A. F. de Jong, Stephen P. Robinson, and Paul A. Lepper


101


Ground Roll Waves as a Potential Influence on Fish: Measurement and Analysis Techniques


Richard A. Hazelwood


102


Assessment of Cumulative Sound Exposure Levels for Marine Piling Events


Paul A. Lepper, Stephen P. Robinson, Michael A. Ainslie, Pete D. Theobald, and Christ A. F. de Jong


103


Modeling the Propagation of Transient Sounds in Very Shallow Water Using Finite Difference Time Domain (FDTD) Calculations


Mark W. Sprague and Joseph J. Luczkovich


104


Proximate Measurements of Acoustic Emissions Associated with the Installation and Operation of an Exploration Jack-up Drilling Rig in the North Sea


Victoria L. G. Todd and Paul R. White


105


Measurement of Underwater Noise Arising From Marine Aggregate Operations


Stephen P. Robinson, Pete D. Theobald, Paul A. Lepper, Gary Hayman, Victor F. Humphrey, Lian-Sheng Wang, and Samantha Mumford


106


Svein Vaage Broadband Air Gun Study


Anders Mattsson, Gregg Parkes, and David Hedgeland

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107


Cetacean Hearing-Damage Zones Around a Seismic Source


Robert Laws


108


Modeling Cumulative Sound Exposure Over Large Areas, Multiple Sources, and Long Durations


Christine Erbe


109


Sound Recording Systems for Measuring Sound Levels During Seismic Surveys


Jan Tore Øvredal and Bjorn Totland


110


First Description of the Sound Pressure and Particle Velocity Components of the Ambient Noise and Boat Noise Recorded at the WWF-Miramare Natural Marine Reserve, Trieste, Italy


Angelo Farina, Adriano Farina, Enrico Armelloni, Linda Sebastianutto, Carlo Franzosini, and Marta Picciulin


111


Underwater Particle Acceleration Induced by a Wind Turbine in the Baltic Sea


Peter Sigray and Mathias H. Andersson


112


Is the Ocean Really Getting Louder?


Michael Stocker, Tom Reuterdahl


Section 8 - Science, Regulation and Sound Exposure Criteria


113


The Complexity of Noise Impact Assessments: From Birdsong to Fish Behavior


Hans Slabbekoorn


114


Extrapolating Beyond Chinchillas: Behavioral Response Ambiguity Through the Lens of Variable Human Responses to Moderate Wind Farm Noise


Jim Cummings


115


Underwater Noise Effects From Wave Energy Devices on Marine Mammals: A Possible Approach


Sofia Patricio


116


Physical Biologists and Biological Physicists: Combining Biology and Physics in Research on the Effects of Noise on Aquatic Life


Douglas H. Cato


117


“So, Am I Correct in My Understanding That a Decibel Is the Same as a Hertz?”: The Quest for Informed, Objective Environmental Impact Analysis of Marine Anthropogenic Noise


John F. Polglaze


118


Environmental Assessment of Offshore Wind Power Generation: Effect on a Noise Budget


James H. Miller, Gopu R. Potty, Kathleen J. Vigness-Raposa, David Casagrande, Lisa A. Miller, Jeffrey A. Nystuen, Peter M. Scheifele, and John G. Clark


119


Development and Implementation of Criteria for Exposure of Western Gray Whales to Oil and Gas Industry Noise


Douglas P. Nowacek, Alexander Vedenev, Brandon L. Southall, and Roberto Racca


120


Strategic Assessment of the Risk Posed to Marine Mammals by the Use of Air Guns in the Antarctic: Concepts, Methods, Results, and Controversies


Olaf Boebel, Monika Breitzke, Elke Burkhardt, and Horst Bornemann


121


Establishing a Safety Zone for Marine Mammals due to Underwater Blasting


Norm Broner and Mike Huber


122


The Marine Mammal Protection Act: A Regulatory Approach to Identifying and Minimizing Acoustic-Related Impacts on Marine Mammals


Jaclyn N. Daly and Jolie Harrison


123


Noise-Related Stress and Cumulative Impact Assessment


Andrew J. Wright


124


Interim Criteria for Injury to Fish From Pile-Driving Activities: Recent Experiences


Richard Rodkin, Keith Pommerenck, and James Reyff


125


Marine Mammal Acoustics Exposure Analysis Models Used in US Navy Environmental Impact Statements


Douglas Wartzok, Christine Erbe, Wayne M. Getz, and Jeanette Thomas


126


Status of the National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration’s Guidelines for Assessing Impacts of Anthropogenic Sound on Marine Mammals


Amy R. Scholik-Schlomer


127


Regulatory Assessments of the Effects of Noise: Moving From Threshold Shift and Injury to Behavior


Craig E. Johnson


128


United States Bureau of Ocean Energy Management, Regulation and Enforcement: Filling Data Gaps to Better Understand the Effects of Anthropogenic Noise on Marine Life


Jill Lewandowski, Elizabeth Burkhard, Kimberly Skrupky, and Deborah Epperson


129


Regulation of Sound in the Ocean: Recent and Future Possible Changes


Mark L. Tasker


130


Marine Bioacoustics and the Regulation of Fisheries


Yury A. Kuznetsov, Lev N. Bocharov, Valeriy N. Akulin, and Michail Y. Kuznetsov


131


Update From the OEER Association on Research Findings Associated With the Assessment of the Impacts of Seismic Exploration on Marine Invertebrates


Jennifer M. Matthews


132


Managing Underwater Noise in European Waters: Implementing the Marine Strategy Framework Directive


Mark Tasker, Mats Amundin, Michel Andre, Anthony D. Hawkins, William Lang, Thomas Merck, Amy Scholik-Schlomer, Jonas Teilmann, Frank Thomsen, Stefanie Werner, and Manell Zakharia


Section 9 - Monitoring, Management and Mitigation


133


Acoustic-Based Cetacean Detection in Irish Waters


Eugene McKeown


134


Real-Time Monitoring of Noise in Cetacean Acoustic Niches 


Michel André, Mike van der Schaar, Serge Zaugg, Ludwig Houégnigan, Antonio Sánchez, Alex Mas, and Joan V. Castell


135


What Does Ecosystem Acoustics Reveal About Marine Mammals in the Bering Sea?


Jennifer L. Miksis-Olds, Jeffrey A. Nystuen, and Susan E. Parks


136


Ship Traffic Noise Distribution in the Strait of Gibraltar: An Exemplary Case for Monitoring Global Ocean Noise With Real-Time Technology Now Available for Understanding the Effects of Noise on Marine Life


Thomas Folegot


137


Are There Technological Alternatives to Air Guns for Oil and Gas Exploration to Reduce Potential Noise Impacts on Cetaceans?


Linda Weilgart


138


Modeling Cumulative Sound Exposure Along a Seismic Line to Assess the Risk of Seismic Research Surveys on Marine Mammals in the Antarctic Treaty Area


Monika Breitzke and Thomas Bohlen


139


North Atlantic Treaty Organization Marine Mammal Risk Mitigation Principles and Guidelines


Kendra L. Ryan and Stephane Jespers


140


Mitigating Impacts of Underwater Noise From Dredging on Beluga Whales in Cook Inlet, Alaska


Christopher A. Hoffman


141


Exploration and Production Sound and Marine Life Joint Industry Programme: Research Progress and Applications


Jennifer L. Michael, John Campbell, David Hedgeland, Michael Jenkerson, H. Rodger Melton, Lori Notor, Russell D. Tait, Sarah L. Tsoflias, and Gary Wolinsky


142


Managing Anthropogenic Underwater Noise in the Northwest Territories, Canada  


Bruce W. Hanna, Peter A. Cott, Amanda A. Joynt, and Lois Harwood


143


SIRENA '10 – Beyond the Mediterranean


Jeffery Haun, Kendra Ryan, Arnold B-Nagy


144


Planning is Critical to Ensure Effective Mitigation of Naval Activities


Sarah J. Dolman


145


Standardizing Protected Species Observer Requirements in the United States


Kyle Baker, Deborah Epperson, Howard Goldstein, Kimberly Skrupky, Brad Smith, Gregg Gitschlag, Jill Lewandowski, and Teresa Turk


146


Using Passive Acoustics to Monitor the Presence of Marine Mammals During Naval Exercises


Anurag Kumar,  Jene Nissen, Joel Bell, and Mandy Shoemaker


147


Development of a National Database and Standards for Protected Species Observer Data in the United States of America


Howard Goldstein, Deborah Epperson, Kyle Baker, Kimberly Skrupky, Brad Smith, Gregg Gitschlag, J Lewandowski, and Teresa Turk


148


Coordinated Management of Anthropogenic Noise From Offshore Construction off Sakhalin Island for Protection of the Western Gray Whale


Roberto Racca


Section 10 – Workshops and Concluding Remarks


149


Workshop 1: Risk Analysis


Thomas J. Carlson, Christ de Jong, and Rene P. A. Dekeling


150


Workshop 2: Long-Term and Cumulative Effects of Acoustic Exposure Along With Other Stressors


Robert Gisiner and George Frisk


151


Workshop 2: Approaches to Behavioral Analysis of Responses to High-Energy Acoustic Sources


Svein Løkkeborg and Frank Thomsen


152


Workshop 4: International Regulatory Issues


Amy R. Scholik-Schlomer and Camille Mageau


153


Summing Up


Roger L. Gentry