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Autor: Malcolm Murray
ISBN-13: 9781402058547
Einband: Buch
Seiten: 250
Gewicht: 540 g
Format: 234x156x16 mm
Sprache: Englisch

The Moral Wager

108, Philosophical Studies Series
Evolution and Contract, Academic/professional/technical: Research and professional
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In the following chapters, I offer an evolutionary account of morality and from that extrapolate a version of contractarianism I call consent theory. Game theory helps to highlight the evolution of morality as a resolution of interpersonal conflicts under strategic negotiation. It is this emphasis on strategic negotiation that underwrites the idea of consent. Consent theory differs from other contractarian models by abandoning reliance on rational self-interest in favour of evolutionary adaptation. From this, more emphasis will be placed on consent as natural convergence rather than consent as an idealization. My picture of contractarianism, then, ends up looking more like the relativist model offered by Harman, rather than the rational (or pseudo-rational) model offered by Gauthier, let alone the Kantian brands of Rawls or Scanlon. So at least some of my discussion will dwell on why it is no loss to abandon hope for the universal, categorical morality that rational models promise. In the introduction, I offer the betting analogy that underwrites the remaining picture. There are some bets where the expected utility is positive, though the odds of winning on this particular occasion are exceedingly low. In such cases, we cannot hope to give an argument that taking the bet is rational. The only thing we can say is that those predisposed to take this kind of bet on these kinds of occasions will do better than those with other dispositions, so long as such games occur often enough.
Best overarching defence of evolutionary ethics yet
Irrealism.- Against Moral Categoricity.- Self-Interest.- Rationality's Failure.- Evolutionary Fit.- Consent Theory.- Concerned Parties.- Suffering and Indifference.

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Autor: Malcolm Murray
ISBN-13 :: 9781402058547
ISBN: 1402058543
Erscheinungsjahr: 01.04.2007
Verlag: Springer-Verlag GmbH
Gewicht: 540g
Seiten: 250
Sprache: Englisch
Sonstiges: Buch, 234x156x16 mm