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About the EditorAbout Research & Education Association Acknowledgments Chapter 1 Passing the CLEP Human Growth and Development ExamGetting StartedThe REA Study CenterAn Overview of the ExamAll About the CLEP ProgramCLEP Exams Migrating to iBTOptions for Military Personnel and VeteransSSD Accommodations for Candidates with Disabilities6-Week Study PlanTest-Taking TipsThe Day of the ExamOnline Diagnostic Test..................................rea.com/studycenter Chapter 2 Theories of DevelopmentControversial Issues Regarding DevelopmentNature versus nurturePatterns of developmentChild development versus life span perspectiveUniversality versus context-specific developmentTheoretical PerspectivesCognitive-developmental theoryLearning theorySocial-cognitive theoryPsychodynamic theorySociocultural theoryEvolutionary theoryChapter 3 Research Strategies and MethodologyThe ExperimentNonexperimental MethodsDevelopmental Research MethodsCross-Sectional Research DesignLongitudinal Research DesignSequential Research DesignComparing Research Methods Chapter 4 Biological Development Throughout the Life SpanGenes and HeredityDominance/Recessiveness Principle of InheritanceGenetic Diseases and AbnormalitiesHormonal Influences on DevelopmentPrenatal DevelopmentStages of Prenatal DevelopmentBiological Development in the Newborn/InfantThe Birth ProcessEarly Brain and Nervous System DevelopmentMotor DevelopmentPhysical Growth Biological Development in the ChildBrain and Nervous System DevelopmentMotor Development and Physical GrowthBiological Development in the AdolescentBrain and Nervous System DevelopmentPhysical GrowthBiological Development in the AdultBrain and Nervous System DevelopmentPhysical GrowthChapter 5 Perceptual Development Throughout the Life SpanPerceptual Functioning in the Newborn/InfantVisionHearingSmellTasteTouch, Temperature, and PainPerceptual Development in Childhood and AdolescencePerceptual Development in AdulthoodVisionHearingTaste and SmellTouch, Temperature, and PainChapter 6 Cognitive Development Throughout the Life SpanElements of Cognitive DevelopmentConceptsReasoningProblem SolvingTheories of Cognitive DevelopmentPiaget’s Stage TheoryVygotsky’s Sociocultural TheoryInformation Processing TheoryCognitive Development Throughout the Life SpanThinkingMemory DevelopmentProblem SolvingAttentionPlayCultural and Environmental Influences on Cognitive Development Chapter 7 Language DevelopmentMajor Properties of Spoken LanguageLanguage DevelopmentTheories of Language DevelopmentComparing Theories of Language DevelopmentBilingualism Chapter 8 Intelligence Throughout the Life SpanIntelligence TestingHistory of Intelligence TestingCurrent Intelligence TestsDeterminants of IntelligenceIntelligence Throughout the Life SpanEmotional IntelligenceCreativity Chapter 9 Social Development Throughout the Life Span Social CognitionPerson PerceptionRole-Taking SkillsGender Role DevelopmentKohlberg’s Theory of Moral DevelopmentInterpersonal RelationshipsAttachmentPeer RelationshipsInterpersonal AttractionFriendshipLoveProsocial and Antisocial BehaviorAggressionAltruismRisk and ResilienceChapter 10 Family, Home, and Society Throughout the Life SpanFamilyFamily Life CycleParenting StylesSibling RelationshipsAdolescent-Parent RelationshipsAdult-Parent RelationshipsGrandparenthoodInfluences of Divorce and Single-ParenthoodSocial Class and CultureMedia InfluenceChild Abuse and NeglectDeath and Dying Chapter 11 Personality and EmotionsTemperamentFreud’s Psychoanalytic Theory of Personality DevelopmentStages of Psychosexual DevelopmentErikson’s Psychosocial Theory of Personality DevelopmentSelf-Concept and Self-EsteemAdolescent Identity FormationAdult PersonalityEmotional DevelopmentAttribution Styles and Achievement MotivationChapter 12 LearningHabituationClassical ConditioningOperant and Instrumental ConditioningObservational LearningLearning Development Chapter 13 Schooling, Work, and InterventionsDay CarePreschoolApplication of Cognitive Developmental Principles Within the SchoolTeaching ReadingLearning StylesApplication of Learning Theory Within the SchoolAchievement MotivationIntervention Programs and ServicesTraining in Parenting SkillsCareer Development and RetirementChapter 14 Atypical DevelopmentGenetic DisordersDrugs, Diseases, Birth Complications and At-Risk NewbornsExtremes of IntelligenceAttention Deficit/Hyperactivity DisorderAutism Spectrum DisordersAntisocial BehaviorEating DisordersOther Major Psychological DisordersAnxiety DisordersDissociative DisordersMood DisordersPersonality DisordersPost-Traumatic Stress DisorderSchizophrenic DisordersSomatoform DisordersCognitive Disorders (Dementia)Physical DisabilitiesPractice Test 1 (also available online at rea.com/studycenter) Answer KeyDetailed Explanations of AnswersPractice Test 2 (also available online at rea.com/studycenter) Answer KeyDetailed Explanations of AnswersAnswer SheetsGlossary Index