Rich Democracies
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Rich Democracies

Political Economy, Public Policy, and Performance
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ISBN-13:
9780520928336
Seiten:
922
Autor:
Harold L. Wilensky
eBook Typ:
PDF
Kopierschutz:
Adobe DRM [Hard-DRM]
Sprache:
Englisch
Beschreibung:

In this landmark work, the culmination of 30 years of systematic, comprehensive comparison of 19 rich democracies, Wilensky answers two basic questions: (1) What is distinctly modern about modern societies--in what ways are they becoming alike? (2) How do variations in types of political economy shape system performance? He specifies similarities and differences in the structure and interplay of government, political parties, the mass media, industry, labor, professions, agriculture, churches, and voluntary associations. He then demonstrates how differences in bargaining arrangements among these groups lead to contrasting policy profiles and patterns of taxing and spending, which in turn explain a large number of outcomes: economic performance, political legitimacy, equality, job security, safety and risk, real health, the reduction of poverty and environmental threats, and the effectiveness and fairness of regulatory regimes.



Drawing on quantitative data and case studies covering the last 50 years and more than 400 interviews he conducted with top decision-makers and advisors, Wilensky provides a richly detailed account of the common social, economic, and labor problems modern governments confront and their contrasting styles of conflict resolution. The result is new light on the likely paths of development of rich democracies as they become richer. Assessing alternative theories, Wilensky offers a powerful critique of such images of modern society as "post-industrial" or "high-tech," "the information age" or the alleged dominance of "globalization."



Because he systematically compares all of the rich democracies with at least three million population, Wilensky can specify what is truly exceptional about the United States, what it shares with Britain and Britain abroad (Canada, Australia, New Zealand) and what it shares with all or almost all of the West European democracies, Israel, and Japan. He gives careful attention to which successful social and labor policies are transferable across nations and which are not.




Rich Democracies will interest both scholars and practitioners. It combines the perspectives of political economy (the interplay of markets and politics) and political sociology (the social bases of politics). It will be especially useful in courses on comparative political economy, comparative politics, European politics, public policy, political sociology, the welfare state, American government, advanced industrial societies, and industrial relations.
In this landmark work, the culmination of 30 years of systematic, comprehensive comparison of 19 rich democracies, Wilensky answers two basic questions: (1) What is distinctly modern about modern societies--in what ways are they becoming alike? (2) How do variations in types of political economy shape system performance? He specifies similarities and differences in the structure and interplay of government, political parties, the mass media, industry, labor, professions, agriculture, churches, and voluntary associations. He then demonstrates how differences in bargaining arrangements among these groups lead to contrasting policy profiles and patterns of taxing and spending, which in turn explain a large number of outcomes: economic performance, political legitimacy, equality, job security, safety and risk, real health, the reduction of poverty and environmental threats, and the effectiveness and fairness of regulatory regimes.


Drawing on quantitative data and case studies covering the last 50 years and more than 400 interviews he conducted with top decision-makers and advisors, Wilensky provides a richly detailed account of the common social, economic, and labor problems modern governments confront and their contrasting styles of conflict resolution. The result is new light on the likely paths of development of rich democracies as they become richer. Assessing alternative theories, Wilensky offers a powerful critique of such images of modern society as "post-industrial" or "high-tech," "the information age" or the alleged dominance of "globalization."



Because he systematically compares all of the rich democracies with at least three million population, Wilensky can specify what is truly exceptional about the United States, what it shares with Britain and Britain abroad (Canada, Australia, New Zealand) and what it shares with all or almost all of the West European democracies, Israel, and Japan. He gives careful attention to which successful social and labor policies are transferable across nations and which are not.




Rich Democracies will interest both scholars and practitioners. It combines the perspectives of political economy (the interplay of markets and politics) and political sociology (the social bases of politics). It will be especially useful in courses on comparative political economy, comparative politics, European politics, public policy, political sociology, the welfare state, American government, advanced industrial societies, and industrial relations.
List of Figures

List of Tables

List of Appendices

Preface and Acknowledgments



PART I: PATHS OF DEVELOPMENT OF RICH DEMOCRACIES

CHAPTER 1 Convergence Theory

CHAPTER 2 Types of Political Economy

CHAPTER 3 Mass Society, Participation, and the Mass Media

CHAPTER 4 Theories of the Postindustrial Society



PART II: THE WELFARE STATE AND SOCIAL POLICY

CHAPTER 5 The Welfare State: Convergence and Divergence

CHAPTER 6 Sector Spending and Program Emphasis

CHAPTER 7 Types of Political Economy, Party Ideology, and Family Policy: Contrasting Government Responses to a Common Problem

CHAPTER 8 The American Welfare Mess in Comparative Perspective

CHAPTER 9 Bureaucratic Efficiency and Bloat



PART III: SYSTEM PERFORMANCE

CHAPTER 10 Tax-Welfare Backlash: How to Tax, Spend, and Yet Keep Cool

CHAPTER 11 Are Political Parties Declining? An Analysis of National Variation in Dealignment

CHAPTER 12 Types of Political Economy, Spending, Taxing, and Economic Performance

CHAPTER 13 The Great American Job Machine in Comparative Perspective

CHAPTER 14 Risk and Safety: American Mayhem in Comparative Perspective

CHAPTER 15 Types of Political Economy, Regulatory Regimes, and the Environment

CHAPTER 16 Health Performance: Affluence, Political Economy, and Public Policy as Sources of Real Health

CHAPTER 17 Globalization: Does It Subvert Labor Standards, the Welfare State, and Job Security?

CHAPTER 18 American Exceptionalism and Policy Implications



Conclusion

APPENDICES

BIBLIOGRAPHY

INDEX