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Autor: C. G. Jung
ISBN-13: 9780486119205
Einband: EPUB
Seiten: 624
Sprache: Englisch
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eBook Format: EPUB
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Psychology of the Unconscious

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Most influential work of Swiss psychiatrist breaks with Freudian tradition to focus on role of dreams, mythology, and literature in defining patterns of psyche. Landmark case study; influential in Jung's redefinition of libido.
In this, his most famous and influential work, Carl Jung made a dramatic break from the psychoanalytic tradition established by his mentor, Sigmund Freud. Rather than focusing on psychopathology and its symptoms, the Swiss psychiatrist studied dreams, mythology, and literature to define the universal patterns of the psyche.In Psychology of the Unconscious, Jung seeks a symbolic meaning and purpose behind a given set of symptoms, placing them within the larger context of the psyche. The 1912 text examines the fantasies of a patient whose poetic and vivid mental images helped Jung redefine libido as psychic energy, arising from the unconscious and manifesting itself consciously in symbolic form. Jung's commentary on his patient's fantasies offers a complex study of symbolic psychiatry and foreshadows his development of the theory of collective unconscious and its constituents, the archetypes.The author's role in the development of analytical psychology, a therapeutic process that promotes creativity and psychological development, makes this landmark in psychoanalytic methodology required reading for students and others interested in the practice and process of psychology.
AUTHOR'S NOTEPART IINTRODUCTION Relation of the Incest Phantasy to the Oedipus Legend Moral revulsion over such a discovery The unity of the antique and modern psychology Followers of Freud in this field The need of analyzing historical material in relation to individual analysisI. CONCERNING THE TWO KINDS OF THINKING Antiquity of the belief in dreams "Dream-meanings psychological, not literal" They concern wish-fulfilments A typical dream: the sexual assault What is symbolic in our everyday thinking? "One kind of thinking: intensive and deliberate, or directed" Directed thinking and thinking in words Origin of speech in primitive nature sounds The evolution of speech Directed thinking a modern acquisition "Thinking, not directed, a thinking in images: akin to dreaming" Two kinds of thinking: directed and dream or phantasy thinking Science an expression of directed thinking The discipline of scholasticism as a forerunner Antique spirit created not science but mythology Their world of subjective phantasies similar to that we find in the childmind of to-day; or in the savage The dream shows a similar type Infantile thinking and dreams a re-echo of the prehistoric and the ancient The myths a mass-dream of the people: the dream the myth of the individual Phantastic thinking concerns wishes "Typical cases, showing kinship with ancient myths" Psychology of man changes but slowly Phantastic thinking tells us of mythical or other material of undeveloped and no longer recognized wish tendencies in the soul The sexual base "The wish, because of its disturbing nature, expressed not directly, but symbolically"II. THE MILLER PHANTASIES Miss Miller's unusual suggestibility Identifying herself with others Examples of her autosuggestibility and suggestive effect "Not striking in themselves, but from analytic viewpoint they afford a glance into the soul of the writer" Her phantasies really tell of the history of her loveIII. THE HYMN OF CREATION Miss Miller's description of a sea-journey "Really a description of "introversion" A retreat from reality into herself The return to the real world with erotic impression of officer singing in the night-watch The undervaluing of such erotic impressions Their often deep effect "The succeeding dream, and poem" The denied erotic impression usurps an earlier transference: it expresses itself through the Father-Imago Analysis of the poem "Relation to Cyrano, Milton and Job" The attempt to escape the problem by a religious and ethical pose Contrast with real religion "Escape from erotic by transference: "To a God or Christ" "This made effective by mutual transference: "Love one another" "The erotic spiritualized, however" The inner conflict kept conscious by this method "The modern, however, represses the conflict and so becomes neurotic" The function of Christianity Its biological purpose fulfilled Its forms of thought and wisdom still availableIV. THE SONG OF THE MONTH The double rôle of Faust: creator and destroyer "I came not to send peace, but a sword" The modern problem of choice between Scylla of world-renunciation and Charybdis of world-acceptance "The ethical pose of The Hymn of Creation having failed, the unconscious projects a new attempt in the Moth-Song" "The choice, as in Faust" The longing for the sun (or God) the same as that for the ship's officer "Not the object, however: the longing is important" God is our own longing to which we pay divine honors "The failure to replace by a real compensation the libido-object which is surrendered, produces regression to an earlier and discarded object" A return to the infantile The use of the parent image "It becomes synonymous with god, sun, fire" Sun and snake Symbols of the libido gathered into the sun-symbol The tendency toward unity and toward multiplicity One God with many attributes: or many gods that are attributes of one Phallus and sun "The sun-hero, the well-beloved" Christ as sun-god "Moth and sun" then brings us to historic depths of the soul" The sun-hero creative and destructive Hence: Moth and Flame: burning one's wings The destructiveness of being fruitful "Wherefore the neurotic withdraws from the conflict, committing a sort of self-murder" Comparison with Byron's Heaven and EarthPART III. ASPECTS OF THE LIBIDO A backward glance The sun the natural god Comparison with libido "Libido, "sun-energy" The sun-image as seen by the mystic in introversion The phallic symbol of the libido Faust's key Mythical heroes with phallic attributes These heroes personifications of the human libido and its typical fates "A definition of the word "libido" Its etymological contextII. THE CONCEPTION AND THE GENETIC THEORY OF LIBIDO A widening of the conception of libido New light from the study of paranoia The impossibility of restricting the conception of libido to the sexual A genetic definition The function of reality only partly sexual "Yet this, and other functions, originally derivations from procreative impulse" The process of transformation "Libido, and the conception of will in general" Examples in mythology The stages of the libido: its desexualized derivatives and differentiations Sublimation vs. repression Splittings off of the primal libido Application of genetic theory of libido to introversion psychoses Replacing reality by archaic surrogates Desexualizing libido by means of phantastic analogy formations Possibly human consciousness brought to present state in this manner "The importance of the little phrase: "Even as"III. THE TRANSFORMATION OF THE LIBIDO. A POSSIBLE SOURCE OF PRIMITIVE HUMAN DISCOVERIES An example of transition of the libido Act of boring with forefinger: an infantile presexual activity Similar activities in patient's early childhood Outcome in dementia præcox Its phantasies related to mythological products: a reproduction of the creations of a The psychological compulsion for such transitions of the libido based on an original division of the will Regression to incestuous Prohibition here sends incestuous component of libido back to pre-sexual Character of its application here The substitution of Mother-Earth for the parent Also of infantile boring Leading then to discovery of fire An example in Hindoo literature The sexual significance of the mouth Its other function: the mating call The regression which produced fire through boring also elaborated the mating call The beginnings of speech Example from the Hindoo Speech and fire the first fruits of transformation or libido "The fire-preparation regarded as forbidden, as robbery" The forbidden thing onanism Onanism a cheating of sexuality of its purpose The ceremonial fire-production a substitute for the possibility of onanistic regression Thus a transformation of libido ensuesIV. THE UNCONSCIOUS ORIGIN OF THE HERO The cause of introversion The forward and backward flow of the libido The abnormal third The conflict rooted in the incest problem "The "terrible mother" Miss Miller's introversion An internal conflict Its product of hypnagogic vision and poem The uniformity of the unconscious in all men The unconscious the object of a true psychology The individual tendency with its production of the hero cult The love for the hero or god a love for the unconscious A turning back to the mother of humanity Such regressions act favorably within limits Miss Miller's mention of the Sphinx Theriomorphic representations of the libido Their tendency to represent father and mother The sphinx represents the fear of the mother Miss Miller's mention of the Aztec Analysis of this figure The significance of the hand symbolically The Aztec a substitute for the Sphinx The name Chi-wan-to-pel The connection of the anal region with veneration "Chiwantopel and Ahasver, the Wandering Jew" The parallel with Chidher Heroes generating themselves through their own mothers Analogy with the Sun "Setting and rising sun: Mithra and Helios, Christ and Peter, Dhulqarnein and Chidher" The fish symbol The two Dadophores: the two thieves The mortal and immortal parts of man The Trinity taken from phallic symbolism Comparison of libido with phallus Analysis of libido symbolism always leads back to the mother incest The hero myth the myth of our own suffering unconscious FaustV. SYMBOLISM OF THE MOTHER AND OF REBIRTH The crowd as symbol of mystery The city as symbol of the mother "The motive of continuous "union" The typical journey of the sun-hero Examples A longing for rebirth through the mother "The compulsion to symbolize the mother as City, Sea, Source, etc." The city as terrible mother and as holy mother The relation of the water-motive to rebirth Of the tree-motive Tree of life a mother-image The bisexual character of trees "Such symbols to be understood psychologically, not anatomically" "The incestuous desire aims at becoming a child again, not at incest" It evades incest by creating myths of symbolic rebirth The libido spiritualized through this use of symbols To be born of the spirit This compulsion toward symbolism brings a release of forces bound up in incest This process in Christianity Christianity with its repression of the manifest sexual the negative of the ancient sexual cult The unconscious transformation of the incest wish into religious exercise does not meet the modern need "A conscious method necessary, involving moral autonomy" Replacing belief by understanding The history of the symbolism of trees The rise of the idea of the terrible mother a mask of the incest wish The myth of Osiris Related examples "The motive of "devouring" The Cross of Christ: tree of death and tree of life Lilith: the devouring mother The Lamias The conquering of the mother Snake and dragon: the resistance against incest The father represents the active repulse of the incest with of the son He frequently becomes the monster to be overcome by the hero The Mithraic sacrificing of the incest wish an overcoming of the mother A replacing of archaic overpowering by sacrifice of the wish The crucified Christ an expression of this renunciation Other cross sacrifices "Cross symbol possesses significance of "union" Child in mother's womb: or man and mother in union Conception of the soul a derivative of mother imago The power of incest prohibition created the self-conscious individual It was the coercion to domestication The further visions of Miss MillerVI. THE BATTLE FOR DELIVERANCE FROM THE MOTHER The appearance of the hero Chiwantopel on horseback Hero and horse equivalent of humanity and its repressed libido "Horse a libido symbol, partly phallic, partly maternal, like the tree" It represents the libido repressed through the incest prohibition The scene of Chiwantopel and the Indian Recalling Cassius and Brutus: also delirium of Cyrano Identification of Cassius with his mother His infantile disposition Miss Miller's hero also infantile Her visions arise from an infantile mother transference Her hero to die from an arrow wound The symbolism of the arrow The onslaught of unconscious desires The deadly arrows strike the hero from within It means the state of introversion A sinking back into the world of the child The danger of this regression It may mean annihilation or new life Examples of introversion The clash between the retrogressive tendency in the individual unconscious and the conscious forward striving Willed introversion The unfulfilled sacrifice in the Miller phantasy means an attempt to renounce the mother: the conquest of a new life through the death of the old "Minnehaha, t

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Autor: C. G. Jung
ISBN-13 :: 9780486119205
ISBN: 0486119203
Verlag: Dover Publications
Seiten: 624
Sprache: Englisch
Sonstiges: Ebook, 20,96x13,18x cm