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Autor: Lou Honary
ISBN-13: 9780470971963
Einband: E-Book
Seiten: 256
Sprache: Englisch
eBook Typ: PDF
eBook Format: E-Book
Kopierschutz: Adobe DRM [Hard-DRM]
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Biobased Lubricants and Greases

Tribology in Practice Series (PEP)
Technology and Products
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1
Due to the rise in petroleum prices as well as increasingenvironmental concerns, there is a need to develop biochemicals andbioproducts that offer realistic alternatives to their traditionalcounterparts; this book will address the lack of a centralizedresource of information on lubricants and greases from renewablesources, and will be useful to a wide audience in industry andacademia. It is based on 20 years of research and development atthe UNI-NABL Center, and discusses the various types of vegetableoils available, comparing their characteristics, properties andbenefits against those of typical petroleum oils as well asdiscussing common evaluation tests and giving examples and casestudies of successful applications of biobased lubricants andgreases. Whilst scientific and engineering research data isincluded, the book is written in an accessible manner and isillustrated throughout.* Focuses on an industrial application of lubrication technologyundergoing current explosive growth in the global market.
* Includes a detailed review of the material benefits ofplant-based lubricants that include a better viscosity index andlubricity even at extreme temperatures, lower flammability due tohigher flash points and lower pour points.
* Covers the basic chemistry of vegetable oils as well as theirprofiles for use in lubricants and greases and environmentalbenefits.
* Includes examples and case studies of where vegetable-basedlubricants have been successfully employed in industryapplications.
4
Summary

Foreword

Series Preface

Preface

Acknowledgement

Introduction

CHAPTER 1

1.1 Historical Development of Vegetable Oil Based Lubricants

1.2 Pioneering Industrial Uses of Vegetable Oils

1.3 Petroleum

References

CHAPTER 2

Chemistry of lubricants

2.1 The Nature of the Carbon Atom

2.2 Carbon and Hydrocarbon

References

CHAPTER 3

3.1 Petroleum Based Lubricants

3.2 Basic Chemistry of Crude Oil

References

CHAPTER 4

Plant Oils

4.1 Chemistry of Vegetable Oils Relating to Lubricating Oils

4.2 Triglycerides

4.3 Properties of Vegetable Oils

4.4 Vegetable Oil Processing

4.5 Oxidation

4.6 Winterization

4.7 Chemical Refining

4.8 Conventional Crop oils

References

CHAPTER 5

5.1 Esters

5.2 Esters for Biofuels

5.3 Complex Esters

5.4 Estolides

5.5 Other Chemical Modifications

References

CHAPTER 6

6.1 Genetic Modification and Industrial Crops

6.2 Industrial Crops

6.3 Future and Industrial Crops

References

CHAPTER 7

Biobased Lubricants Technology

7.1 Determination of Oxidation Stability

7.2 Applications

7.3 Petroleum While Oils and Food Grade Lubricants

References

CHAPTER 8

8.1 Performance Properties of Industrial Lubricants

8.2 Common Performance Requirements

8.3 Heat transfer Properties

8.4 Dielectric Properties

8.5 Fluid quality

8.6 Fluid Compatibility

8.7 Hydrostatic Stability

8.8 Demulsibility

8.9 Oxidation Stability

8.10 Oxidation Stability for Mineral Oils

8.11 Elemental Analysis

8.12 Cleanliness

8.13 Storage and Shipping Temperatures

8.14 Tribological Performance of Biobased Lubricants

8.15 Metalworking Fluids

8.16 Biobased Engine Oils

References

CHAPTER 9

Biobased and Petroleum-Based Greases

9.1 How to Make Soap

9.2 Basic Process for Manufacturing Grease

9.3 Continuous Grease Manufacturing Process

9.4 Use of High Pressure-High Shear Reaction Chambers (Contactors)

9.5 Vegetable Oil Based Greases

9.6 Grease Consistency

9.7 Grease Specifications

9.8 Friction and Wear Tests

9.9 Application Example of Biobased Greases

References

CHAPTER 10

Biodegradable and Biobased

REACH

Biodegradation of Oils

Toxicity and Testing Methods

Chronic Toxicity

Terrestrial Plant Toxicity

References

USEFUL REFERENCES

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Autor: Lou Honary
ISBN-13 :: 9780470971963
ISBN: 0470971967
Verlag: John Wiley & Sons
Seiten: 256
Sprache: Englisch
Auflage 1. Auflage
Sonstiges: Ebook