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Autor: David J. Balding
ISBN-13: 9780470867662
Einband: E-Book
Seiten: 198
Sprache: Englisch
eBook Typ: PDF
eBook Format: E-Book
Kopierschutz: Adobe DRM [Hard-DRM]
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Weight-of-Evidence for Forensic DNA Profiles

Statistics in Practice
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Assessing Weight-of-Evidence for DNA Profiles is an excellentintroductory text to the use of statistical analysis for assessingDNA evidence. It offers practical guidance to forensicscientists with little dependence on mathematical ability as thebook includes background information on statistics -including likelihood ratios - population genetics, andcourtroom issues.
The author, who is highly experienced in this field, hasillustrated the book throughout with his own experiences as well asproviding a theoretical underpinning to the subject. It is anideal choice for forensic scientists and lawyers, as well asstatisticians and population geneticists with an interest inforensic science and DNA.
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Preface.

1. Introduction.

1.1 Weight-of-evidence theory.

1.2 About the book.

1.3 DNA profiling technology.

1.4 What you need to know already.

1.5 Other resources.

2. Crime on an island.

2.1 Warm-up exercises.

2.2 Rare trait identification evidence.

2.3 Making the island problem more realistic.

2.4 Weight-of-evidence exercises.

3. Assessing evidence via likelihood ratios.

3.1 Likelihood ratios.

3.2 The weight-of-evidence formula.

3.3 General application of the formula.

3.4 Consequences for DNA evidence.

3.5 Some derivations.

3.6 Further weight-of-evidence exercises.

4. Typing technologies.

4.1 STR typing.

4.2 mtDNA typing.

4.3 Y-chromosome markers.

4.4 X-chromosome markers.

4.5 SNP profiles.

4.6 Fingerprints.

5. Some population genetics for DNA evidence.

5.1 A brief overview.

5.2 Ø, or FST.

5.3 A statistical model and sampling formula.

5.4 Hardy-Weinberg equilibrium.

5.5 Linkage equilibrium.

5.6 Coancestry.

5.7 Likelihood-based estimation of Ø.

5.8 Population genetics exercises.

6. Identification.

6.1 Choosing the hypotheses.

6.2 Calculating the likelihood ratios.

6.3 Application to STR profiles.

6.4 Application to haploid profiles.

6.5 Mixtures.

6.6 Identification exercises.

7. Relatedness.

7.1 Paternity.

7.2 Other relatedness between two individuals.

7.3 Software for relatedness analysis.

7.4 Inference of ethnicity or phenotype.

7.5 Relatedness exercises.

8. Other approaches to weight of evidence.

8.1 Uniqueness.

8.2 Inclusion/Exclusion probabilities.

8.3 Hypothesis testing.

8.4 Other exercises.

9. Issues for the courtroom.

9.1 Bayesian reasoning in court.

9.2 Some fallacies.

9.3 Some UK appeal cases.

9.4 US National Research Council reports.

9.5 Prosecutor's fallacy exercises.

10. Solutions to exercises.

Bibliography.

Index.

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Autor: David J. Balding
ISBN-13 :: 9780470867662
ISBN: 0470867663
Verlag: John Wiley & Sons
Seiten: 198
Sprache: Englisch
Sonstiges: Ebook