The Parietal Lobe
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The Parietal Lobe

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ISBN-13:
9780444636225
Einband:
Buch
Erscheinungsdatum:
01.04.2018
Seiten:
587
Autor:
Giuseppe Vallar
Gewicht:
1570 g
Format:
269x194x40 mm
Serie:
Handbook of Clinical Neurology
Sprache:
Englisch
Beschreibung:

Vallar, GiuseppeGiuseppe Vallar, MD, is a neurologist, Professor of Psychobiology and Physiological Psychology in the Department of Psychology, and a member of the NeuroMi, Milan Center for Neuroscience, of the University of Milano-Bicocca, Milan, Italy; he is the head of the Neuropsychological Laboratory of the IRCCS Italian Auxological Institute. He has worked in the Universities of Milano, and Sapienza in Rome. His main interests concern human neuropsychology, particularly: spatial and bodily cognition, their disorders (unilateral spatial neglect, somatoparaphrenia), and their neural correlates; the modulation of higher cognitive functions by sensory and transcranial magnetic and electrical stimulation; short-term (immediate) verbal memory, its disorders after brain damage, and its neural correlates; the assessment and rehabilitation of neuropsychological deficits, particularly unilateral spatial neglect. G. Vallar is the author of over 200 scientific publications, the editor of the books The cognitive and neural bases of spatial neglect (2002, with Hans-Otto Karnath and A. David Milner), of Neuropsychological disorders associated with subcortical lesions (1992, with Stefano F. Cappa and Claus W. Wallesch), of Neuropsychological impairments of short-term memory (1990, with Tim Shallice), and of two special issues of the Journal Cortex: Neuroplasticity: behavioral and neural aspects (2014, with Costanza Papagno), and Spatial Neglect. A representational disorder? A Festschrift for Edoardo Bisiach (2004, with John C. Marshall).

Coslett, H. Branch
H. Branch Coslett, MD, is the William N. Kelley Professor of Neurology at the Perelman School of Medicine of the University of Pennsylvania in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, USA. He also serves as Chief of Neurology at the Michael J Crescenz VA Medical Center in Philadelphia and previously worked at Temple University School of Medicine. His work has focused on a variety of topics in human cognitive neuroscience as well as non-invasive brain stimulation with Transcranial Magnetic Stimulation (TMS) and transcranial Direct Current Stimulation (tDCS). Studies with patients with brain lesions have included theoretically motivated explorations of cognitive disorders such as aphasia, alexia, neglect, apraxia, motor planning and disruptions of body cognition. He has also explored the anatomic bases of these disorders using techniques such as Voxel-Based Lesion-Symptom Mapping and support vector regression. He has used non-invasive brain stimulation both as therapy for neurologic disorders and to address questions regarding the neural basis of cognitive functions such as interval timing. Dr. Coslett is the author of more than 200 manuscripts and edited The Roots of Cognitive Neuroscience (with Anjan Chatterjee) as well as multiple special issues of journals. He is a founding editor of Neurocase (with John Hodges and Ian Roberts) and has served on multiple editorial boards.
The Parietal Lobe, Volume 151 , the latest release from the Handbook of Clinical Neurology series, provides a foundation on the neuroanatomy, neurophysiology and clinical neurology/neuropsychology of the parietal lobe that is not only applicable to both basic researchers and clinicians, but also to students and specialists who are interested in learning more about disorders brought on by damage or dysfunction. Topics encompass the evolution, anatomy, connections, and neurophysiology, the major neurological and neuropsychological deficits and syndromes caused by damage, the potential for improvement via transcranial stimulation, and the role of the parietal in the cerebral networks for perception and action.

Provides a broad overview of the neuroanatomy, neurophysiology and clinical neurology of this region of the cortex
Offers additional insights regarding the role of the parietal in the cerebral networks for perception and action
Addresses the most frequent complications associated with damage, including somatosensory, perceptual, language, and memory, deficits, pain, optic ataxia, spatial neglect, apraxia, and more
Edited work with chapters authored by global leaders in the field
Presents the broadest, most expert coverage available
Section I. Neuroanatomy and Neurophysiology of the Parietal Lobe 1. The history of the neurophysiology and neurology of the parietal lobe 2. The evolution of the parietal lobe: Rats, monkeys, apes and humans 3. Cortico-cortical and cortico-subcortical connections of the parietal lobe 4. Somatosensory maps 5. The parietal lobe and pain perception 6. The parietal lobe and the vestibular system 7. Multisensory and sensorimotor maps 8. Extinction as a deficit of the decision making circuitry in the posterior parietal cortex

Section II. Neurological and Neuropsychological Deficits after Parietal Lobe Damage 9. Somatosensory deficits 10. Pain syndromes and the parietal lobe 11. Optic ataxia 12. Simultanagnosia and Balint's syndrome 13. Perceptual deficits of object identification: The apperceptive agnosias 14. Unilateral spatial neglect 15. Disorders of body knowledge 16. Constructional apraxia 17. Limb apraxia 18. Language deficits 19. Memory deficits 20. Gerstmann's syndrome 21. Parietal lobe epilepsy 22. Transcranial stimulations of the parietal lobe for improving neurological deficits

Section III. The Parietal Lobe and Brain Networks for Action and Perception 23. The "dorsal parietal stream 24. Action systems in the human brain 25. Parietal lobe and tool use 26. Parieto-frontal networks for eye-hand coordination and movements 27. The parietal lobe and memory 28. The parietal lobe "mirror neuron system

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