Raymond E. Fancher is a Senior Scholar and Professor Emeritus at York University in Toronto. A founder of York's Ph.D. program in the History and Theory of Psychology, he has served as editor of the Journal of the History of the Behavioral Sciences and held top executive positions with the Society for the History of Psychology (Division 26 of the American Psychological Association) and Cheiron (The International Society for the History of Behavioral and Social Sciences). He is the author of Psychoanalytic Psychology: The Development of Freud's Thought and The Intelligence Men: Makers of the IQ Controversy (both published by Norton) as well as nearly 100 other publications on the history of psychology, and is a recipient of the Lifetime Achievement Award from the Society for the History of Psychology.
Pioneers of Psychology tells the stories of the men and women who have shaped our understanding of what it means to be human. The authors illuminate major themes and controversies in psychology's history through carefully crafted stories of real people, their personal journeys and their intellectual insights. The fifth edition includes three new chapters covering historiography, pre-1600 psychological ideas and clinical psychology.
A BIOGRAPHICAL APPROACH
Pioneers of Psychology highlights the stories of individual scholars and scientists as they formulated their ideas in the context of their lives and times. These fascinating accounts let students "stand in the shoes" of influential figures, making their contributions both lively and memorable.
NEW CHAPTERS MAKE PIONEERS A COMPLETE INTRODUCTION TO THE FIELD
The fifth edition includes three new chapters. The Introduction on historiography outlines key issues and previews the pioneers and themes covered throughout the book. Chapter 1 now discusses the figures and ideas that provided psychology's first foundations, from Plato and Aristotle through the great Islamic philosophers and Thomas Aquinas. Finally, Chapter 16 tells the story of the development of one of the most important applied fields-clinical psychology.
ORGANISED AROUND QUESTIONS AND CONTROVERSIES
The fifth edition thoroughly explores the history of psychology by framing it around enduring questions, such as whether we gain knowledge primarily through experience or through the interaction of experience with capacities given at birth; the limits and possibilities of an experimental approach to psychology; and whether clinical psychology is more art than science.
THE RELEVANCE OF HISTORY TO CONTEMPORARY PSYCHOLOGY
Fancher and Rutherford consistently show how history has informed and influenced various subfields of contemporary psychology. For example, Chapter 3 shows how contemporary questions in neuroscience go back over 200 years to controversies regarding the localisation of functions within the brain. Chapter 6 explores how today's evolutionary psychologists continue to debate issues raised by Charles Darwin more than 150 years ago.
ENHANCED COVERAGE OF WOMEN AND GENDER ISSUES
The fifth edition offers substantial consideration of women pioneers and gender issues, such as the important intellectual friendships with prominent women that shaped the thinking of Descartes and Leibniz, Bärbel Inhelder's collaboration with Piaget and her independent contributions to our understanding of cognitive development, and Lillian Gilbreth's pioneering accomplishments in industrial psychology.