Data Analysis Methods in Physical Oceanography
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Data Analysis Methods in Physical Oceanography

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ISBN-13:
9780123877833
Einband:
EPUB
Seiten:
728
Autor:
William J. Emery
eBook Typ:
Adobe Digital Editions
eBook Format:
EPUB
Kopierschutz:
Adobe DRM [Hard-DRM]
Sprache:
Englisch
Beschreibung:

Data Analysis Methods in Physical Oceanography, Third Edition is a practical reference to established and modern data analysis techniques in earth and ocean sciences. Its five major sections address data acquisition and recording, data processing and presentation, statistical methods and error handling, analysis of spatial data fields, and time series analysis methods. The revised Third Edition updates the instrumentation used to collect and analyze physical oceanic data and adds new techniques including Kalman Filtering. Additionally, the sections covering spectral, wavelet, and harmonic analysis techniques are completely revised since these techniques have attracted significant attention over the past decade as more accurate and efficient data gathering and analysis methods.Completely updated and revised to reflect new filtering techniques and major updating of the instrumentation used to collect and analyze dataCo-authored by scientists from academe and industry, both of whom have more than 30 years of experience in oceanographic research and field workSignificant revision of sections covering spectral, wavelet, and harmonic analysis techniquesExamples address typical data analysis problems yet provide the reader with formulaic "e;recipes for working with their own dataSignificant expansion to 350 figures, illustrations, diagrams and photos
Data Analysis Methods in Physical Oceanography, Third Edition is a practical reference to established and modern data analysis techniques in earth and ocean sciences. Its five major sections address data acquisition and recording, data processing and presentation, statistical methods and error handling, analysis of spatial data fields, and time series analysis methods. The revised Third Edition updates the instrumentation used to collect and analyze physical oceanic data and adds new techniques including Kalman Filtering. Additionally, the sections covering spectral, wavelet, and harmonic analysis techniques are completely revised since these techniques have attracted significant attention over the past decade as more accurate and efficient data gathering and analysis methods.Completely updated and revised to reflect new filtering techniques and major updating of the instrumentation used to collect and analyze dataCo-authored by scientists from academe and industry, both of whom have more than 30 years of experience in oceanographic research and field workSignificant revision of sections covering spectral, wavelet, and harmonic analysis techniquesExamples address typical data analysis problems yet provide the reader with formulaic "e;recipes for working with their own dataSignificant expansion to 350 figures, illustrations, diagrams and photos
1;Front Cover;12;DATA ANALYSIS METHODS IN PHYSICAL OCEANOGRAPHY;4
3;Copyright;5
4;Dedication;6
5;Contents;8
6;Preface;10
7;Acknowledgments;12
8;Chapter 1 - Data Acquisition and Recording;14
8.1;1.1 INTRODUCTION;14
8.2;1.2 BASIC SAMPLING REQUIREMENTS;16
8.3;1.3 TEMPERATURE;23
8.4;1.4 SALINITY;50
8.5;1.5 DEPTH OR PRESSURE;61
8.6;1.6 SEA-LEVEL MEASUREMENT;74
8.7;1.7 EULERIAN CURRENTS;92
8.8;1.8 LAGRANGIAN CURRENT MEASUREMENTS;128
8.9;1.9 WIND;157
8.10;1.10 PRECIPITATION;165
8.11;1.11 CHEMICAL TRACERS;168
8.12;1.12 TRANSIENT CHEMICAL TRACERS;188
9;Chapter 2 - Data Processing and Presentation;200
9.1;2.1 INTRODUCTION;200
9.2;2.2 CALIBRATION;202
9.3;2.3 INTERPOLATION;203
9.4;2.4 DATA PRESENTATION;204
10;Chapter 3 - Statistical Methods and Error Handling;232
10.1;3.1 INTRODUCTION;232
10.2;3.2 SAMPLE DISTRIBUTIONS;233
10.3;3.3 PROBABILITY;235
10.4;3.4 MOMENTS AND EXPECTED VALUES;239
10.5;3.5 COMMON PDFS;241
10.6;3.6 CENTRAL LIMIT THEOREM;245
10.7;3.7 ESTIMATION;247
10.8;3.8 CONFIDENCE INTERVALS;249
10.9;3.9 SELECTING THE SAMPLE SIZE;256
10.10;3.10 CONFIDENCE INTERVALS FOR ALTIMETER-BIAS ESTIMATES;257
10.11;3.11 ESTIMATION METHODS;258
10.12;3.12 LINEAR ESTIMATION (REGRESSION);263
10.13;3.13 RELATIONSHIP BETWEEN REGRESSION AND CORRELATION;270
10.14;3.14 HYPOTHESIS TESTING;275
10.15;3.15 EFFECTIVE DEGREES OF FREEDOM;282
10.16;3.16 EDITING AND DESPIKING TECHNIQUES: THE NATURE OF ERRORS;288
10.17;3.17 INTERPOLATION: FILLING THE DATA GAPS;300
10.18;3.18 COVARIANCE AND THE COVARIANCE MATRIX;312
10.19;3.19 THE BOOTSTRAP AND JACKKNIFE METHODS;315
11;Chapter 4 - The Spatial Analyses of Data Fields;326
11.1;4.1 TRADITIONAL BLOCK AND BULK AVERAGING;326
11.2;4.2 OBJECTIVE ANALYSIS;330
11.3;4.3 KRIGING;341
11.4;4.4 EMPIRICAL ORTHOGONAL FUNCTIONS;348
11.5;4.5 EXTENDED EMPIRICAL ORTHOGONAL FUNCTIONS;369
11.6;4.6 CYCLOSTATIONARY EOFS;376
11.7;4.7 FACTOR ANALYSIS;380
11.8;4.8 NORMAL MODE ANALYSIS;381
11.9;4.9 SELF ORGANIZING MAPS;392
11.10;4.10 KALMAN FILTERS;409
11.11;4.11 MIXED LAYER DEPTH ESTIMATION;419
11.12;4.12 INVERSE METHODS;427
12;Chapter 5 - Time Series Analysis Methods;438
12.1;5.1 BASIC CONCEPTS;438
12.2;5.2 STOCHASTIC PROCESSES AND STATIONARITY;440
12.3;5.3 CORRELATION FUNCTIONS;441
12.4;5.4 SPECTRAL ANALYSIS;446
12.5;5.5 SPECTRAL ANALYSIS (PARAMETRIC METHODS);502
12.6;5.6 CROSS-SPECTRAL ANALYSIS;516
12.7;5.7 WAVELET ANALYSIS;534
12.8;5.8 FOURIER ANALYSIS;549
12.9;5.9 HARMONIC ANALYSIS;560
12.10;5.10 REGIME SHIFT DETECTION;570
12.11;5.11 VECTOR REGRESSION;581
12.12;5.12 FRACTALS;593
13;Chapter 6 - Digital Filters;606
13.1;6.1 INTRODUCTION;606
13.2;6.2 BASIC CONCEPTS;607
13.3;6.3 IDEAL FILTERS;609
13.4;6.4 DESIGN OF OCEANOGRAPHIC FILTERS;617
13.5;6.5 RUNNING-MEAN FILTERS;620
13.6;6.6 GODIN-TYPE FILTERS;622
13.7;6.7 LANCZOS-WINDOW COSINE FILTERS;625
13.8;6.8 BUTTERWORTH FILTERS;630
13.9;6.9 KAISER-BESSEL FILTERS;637
13.10;6.10 FREQUENCY-DOMAIN (TRANSFORM) FILTERING;640
14;References;652
15;Appendix A - Units in Physical Oceanography;678
16;Appendix B - Glossary of Statistical Terminology;682
17;Appendix C - Means, Variances and Moment-Generating Functions for Some Common Continuous Variables;686
18;Appendix D - Statistical Tables;688
19;Appendix E - Correlation Coefficients at the 5% and 1% Levels of Significance for Various Degrees of Freedom .;700
20;Appendix F - Approximations and Nondimensional Numbers in Physical Oceanography;702
20.1;References;708
21;Appendix G - Convolution;710
21.1;Appendix G CONVOLUTION AND FOURIER TRANSFORMS;710
21.2;Appendix G CONVOLUTION OF DISCRETE DATA;710
21.3;Appendix G CONVOLUTION AS TRUNCATION OF AN INFINITE TIME SERIES;711
21.4;Appendix G DECONVOLUTION;713
22;Index;714