Genetically Modified Plants
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Genetically Modified Plants

Assessing Safety and Managing Risk
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ISBN-13:
9780123741066
Erscheinungsdatum:
01.09.2009
Seiten:
254
Autor:
Roger Hull
Gewicht:
568 g
Format:
235x160x23 mm
Sprache:
Englisch
Beschreibung:

Hull, Roger
Roger Hull graduated in botany from Cambridge University and undertook his graduate studies in plant virus diagnostics and epidemiology at London University. He lectured on agricultural botany there and at Makerere University in Uganda. In 1965 he moved to fundamental studies of plant viruses, first at Cambridge in the United Kingdom and then at the John Innes Institute (now Centre) in Norwich. He spent a sabbatical year (1974) at University of California, Davis, where he learnt the fundamentals of the newly developing molecular biology technology. He applied to this to plant virus characterisation, diagnostics and virus control, especially in tropical crops such as rice and plantain bananas. He retired in 1997 but continued research, lecturing and book writing. Dr Hull was an honorary professor at University of East Anglia in the UK and Peking and Fudan Universities in China, a Doctoris Honoris Causa at the University of Perpignan in France, and a Fellow of the American Phytopathological Society. He has published over 250 peer-reviewed papers on plant virology and more than 40 reviews in scientific journals, and has authored five books. In retirement Roger Hull also became involved in promoting the uptake of transgenic technology by developing countries as one approach to alleviating food insecurity. He was on the International faculty of the e-learning diploma course training decision makers, mainly in developing countries, in plant biotechnology regulation.
Tzotzos, George T.
George Tzotzos received his education in the UK where he obtained two PhD degrees at the University of Bristol (School of Chemistry) and the Open University (Dept. of Health, Life & Chemical Sciences). Until 2011, he worked at the United Nations Industrial Development Organisation (UNIDO). More recently, he was affiliated at the Vale Institute of Sustainable Development (Belém, PA, Brazil) as a principal researcher (pesquisador titular) in charge of the Biotechnology and Biodiversity research group. During his tenure at UNIDO, he established and managed an international biosafety training network with partners at the Universities of Concepción (Chile), Gent (Belgium), and Marche (Italy). He organised and taught in numerous GMO risk assessment workshops.

His academic and publication records can be seen at:
ORCID iD: https://loop.frontiersin.org/people/193663/publications

Head, Graham
Graham Head leads a team with global cross-crop accountability for insect and weed resistance management strategy development and implementation at Bayer Crop Science in the United States. He has over 100 peer-reviewed journal articles, has written 9 book chapters and authored 1 book.
A transgenic organism is a plant, animal, bacterium, or other living organism that has had a foreign gene added to it by means of genetic engineering. Transgenic plants can arise by natural movement of genes between species, by cross-pollination based hybridization between different plant species (which is a common event in flowering plant evolution), or by laboratory manipulations by artificial insertion of genes from another species. Methods used in traditional breeding that generate transgenic plants by non-recombinant methods are widely familiar to professional plant scientists, and serve important roles in securing a sustainable future for agriculture by protecting crops from pest and helping land and water to be used more efficiently.

There is worldwide interest in the biosafety issues related to transgenic crops because of issues such as increased pesticide use, increased crop and weed resistance to pesticides, gene flow to related plant species, negative effects on nontarget organisms, and reduced crop and ecosystem diversity. This book is intended to provide the basic information for a wide range of people involved in the release of transgenic crops. These will include scientists and researchers in the initial stage of developing transgenic products, industrialists, and decision makers. It will be of particular interest to plant scientists taking up biotechnological approaches to agricultural improvement for developing nations.


* Discusses traditional and future technology for genetic modification
* Compares conventional non-GM approaches and genetic modification
* Presents a risk assessment methodology for GM techniques
* Details mitigation techniques for human and environmental effects
Chapter 1. INTRODUCTION
Conventional Approach
Improvement
Effects
Risk Assessment Methodologies
Technology

Chapter 2. RISK SOURCE CHARACTERISATION
Properties of donor organism
Properties of recipient organism
DNA
Selectable Markers

Chapter 3. EXPOSURE ASSESSMENT
Release sites
Performance
Biological Properties
Impact on Human Health
Impact on Animals
Impact on the Environment
Case Studies

Chapter 4. RISK ASSESSMENT & RISK MANAGEMENT ? HUMAN HEALTH
Allergies
Unintentional Toxins
Resistance of Microbes to Antibiotics
Mitigation and Containment Approaches
Case Studies

Chapter 5. RISK ASSESSMENT & RISK MANAGEMENT ? ENVIRONMENT
Agricultural Environment
Peri-agricultural and ?natural? environment
Spread of Transgenes to non-GM crops
Gene Flow to Weeds and Feral Crop Species
Impact on Biodiversity of Crop Species and Wild Flora and Fauna
Generation of ?Superweeds?
Case Studies
Stewardship Procedures
Co-existence of GM and non-GM crops
Testing for GM
Modifying Agronomic Practices

Chapter 6. REGULATORY SYSTEMS
Current framework of GM regulation
International Conventions and Agreements
Major Regulatory Systems
Major Sources of Information.

Chapter 7 THE POLITICS OF GM TECHNOLOGY
Development of Regulation of GM Crops
Risk Perception
Understanding the Scientific Process
Bioethical Aspects
Roles of NGOs, the media and industry.

Chapter 8 THE FUTURE OF GM TECHNOLOGY
The Future of GM Products
Technology
Evolution of Regulatory Structures

Appendices
Further Reading List
Useful Internet Sites